The Lord has really been ministering to me about some things in 1 Samuel 12, 16 and 17. “Samuel said to Jesse, ‘Send and get him; for we will not sit down until he comes here'” (v. 11b). So Samuel rose up, and went to Ramah. God likes working with seemingly inferior candidates, because people are more likely to understand their success as the result or the Lord’s power rather than the individual’s power (1 Corinthians 1:27-29). The Lord chooses the unlikely candidate — the youngest rather than the eldest — perhaps the smallest — the one deemed most unlikely to succeed by his father. Finally, Samuel has occasion to use it. (1) In the present situation, the Lord instructed Samuel to invite Jesse and his sons to the sacrifice (1 Samuel 16:3). God’s guidance is usually not as discernable in the moment as it is in hindsight. In our age we tend to individualize so many of the messages of the Bible. Fill your horn with oil and be on your way; I am sending you to Jesse of Bethlehem. II (Nashville: Abingdon Press, 1998), Brueggemann, Walter, Interpretation Commentary: I and II Samuel (Louisville: John Knox Press, 1973), Cartledge, Tony W., Smyth & Helwys Bible Commentary: 1 & 2 Samuel (Macon, Georgia: Smyth & Helwys, 2001), Craddock, Fred B.; Hayes, John H.; Holladay, Carl R.; Tucker, Gene M., Preaching Through the Christian Year, B (Valley Forge: Trinity Press International, 1993), Evans, Mary J., New International Biblical Commentary: 1 and 2 Samuel (Peabody, Massachusetts: Hendrickson Publishers, Inc., 2000), Gehrke, Ralph David, Concordia Commentary: 1 and 2 Samuel (St. Louis: Concordia Publishing House, 1968), Holbert, John C., in Van Harn, Roger (ed. We should note, however, that this is a private anointing. Eli the priest led him. Jesse brought each of his first seven sons before Samuel to see which son would be anointed as king. 1 Samuel 16:2 = No! However, Samuel told them his mission and they moved forward. This first book gives us a full account of Eli’s fall and Samuel’s rise and good government, 1 Sam. The evil spirit departed — Namely, for a season. Samuel then set out and went to Ramah. Jesse's genealogy is given in Ruth 4:18-22 all the way back to Judah and his daughter-in-law Tamar. Saul, he feared, would kill him. v1 The boy Samuel served the *Lord. Samuel’s decision not to sit down until David arrives emphasizes the significance of the occasion. Most especially, it was used to designate a person for a significant role. 1. Thus, David was the great-grandson of Boaz and Ruth. The fact that David has been serving as a shepherd points to his future role as a king. It is not by the appearance of a man; Vg. Even the great prophet Samuel did not know what God was doing. The *Lord calls Samuel. 16:1 Mourn - And pray for his restitution, which the following words imply he did. Anointing with oil was used for various purposes (healing, burial, expressing grief or joy). He is the quintessential example of what it means to be a follower of Yahweh. 10 (Dallas: Word Books, 1983), Newsome, James D., in Brueggemann, Walter; Cousar, Charles B.; Gaventa, Beverly R.; and Newsome, James D., Texts for Preaching: A Lectionary Commentary Based on the NRSV — Year B (Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press, 1993), Peterson, Eugene H., Westminster Bible Companion: First and Second Samuel (Louisville: Westminster John Knox Press, 1999), Tsumura, David Toshio, The New International Commentary on the Old Testament: The First Book of Samuel (Grand Rapids: Wm. The next verse says, “now the Spirit of Yahweh departed from Saul, and an evil spirit from Yahweh troubled him” (16:14). 1 Samuel 17 is the story of David and Goliath. I Samuel 16:14-23 David Anointed The New King. Neither Saul nor David’s older brothers might have understood the way in which God was providing for Israel as a good way, but God’s eyes were on the people as a whole and not merely the individuals. Chapter 16 begins with Samuel mourning for Saul as one would mourn for the dead. In the Old Testament, prophets were anointed (1 Kings 19:16). “Then Samuel took the horn of oil, and anointed him in the midst of his brothers“ (v. 13a). SAMUEL SENT BY GOD TO BETHLEHEM. Ancient audiences would have been touched by the irony that the one who was thought too insignificant to be considered for the role of king was actually already fulfilling his future vocation: shepherding the flock. 1 Samuel 16:13 = No. David will become king later. Fill your horn with oilw and be on your way; I am sending you to Jessex of Bethlehem. This story, with so much of the Old Testament, affirms that God’s “providence” operates beyond the spectrum in which our sight operates, but even so we remain within God’s view. 1 Samuel 16:1-10. “Verses 16:1 – 31:13”: The third major division of Samuel recounts the steady demise of Saul and the selection and preparation of David for the kingship. This brief narrative drama–beautiful in its use of irony, suspense, and reversal of expectations–plays upon the contrast between seeing and hearing. The World English Bible is based on the American Standard Version (ASV) of the Bible, the Biblia Hebraica Stutgartensa Old Testament, and the Greek Majority Text New Testament. The spirit of the Lord not only comes upon him, but will remain on him “from that day forward” — permanently. It signals that God has “seen” the people’s need even before they are aware of it. We rely for almost everything on our sight, but it often proves untrustworthy. Priests were anointed (Exodus 40:13-15). “He sent, and brought him in. And the LORD said, Take an heifer with … Q. It must have been a significant moment for David’s brothers to see the revered prophet anoint their brother. Samuel, Saul and David. Now he was ruddy, and withal of a beautiful face, and goodly to look on“ (v. 12a). Samuel is an old man. A Bible Study in EasyEnglish (2800 word vocabulary) on the Book of 1 Samuel. just as God had previously provided deliverance from Pharaoh; manna water, and the law in the wilderness; a land during the settlement; and guidance and leadership during the period of the judges.1 At the start of 1 Samuel 16, God says to Samuel: “I have provided for myself a king among [Jesse’s] sons.” The Hebrew word that is translated here as “provided” literally means “to see” (h)r); as in English, Hebrew uses “to see”–“I have seen to it”–idiomatically with the sense of “to provide.”2 This Hebrew term provides the key to this story. Nor do I … A. Oil— Which was used in the inauguration of kings. For him to stand for hours while waiting for David is no small matter. I Samuel 15:16-35 Saul Pleads For Forgiveness. They could not understand the full import of this choice, because David would become a great king like nobody before or since in the history of Israel. Saul and the Amalekites (1 Samuel 15:1-35) 13. When the eldest son Eliab, who was tall and fair, passed before Samuel, the prophet thought, “Surely the Lord’s anointed is now before the Lord.” God’s response has echoed down through the ages: “Do not look on his appearance or on the height of his stature, because I have rejected him; for the Lord does not see as mortals see: they look on the outward appearance, but the Lord looks on the heart” (v. 7). This is the first mention of David’s name. Would be a follower of Yahweh hear of Samuel only once more ( 19:18-24 ) before his death ( ). Commentary on 1 Samuel 16 – God Chooses David A. Samuel anoints David king. It appears that Saul was grown very wicked note also that God ’ book. When David was brought forth, the taller of the two final presidential candidates has always. David anointed king. ( 14-23 ) Commentary on 1 Samuel 16 is a much-loved story this Week WorkingPreacher.org! 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