The name was coined by Flóki Vilgerðarson, the third lead Norseman to arrive on the island … Iceland (/ ˈ aɪ s l ə n d / (); Icelandic: Ísland, pronounced ) is an island country in the North Atlantic, between Greenland and Norway, formerly a possession of Denmark.It is culturally considered to be part of Europe.Iceland is 301 kilometers east of Greenland and 1001 kilometers west of Norway.There are about 329,100 people who live in Iceland. A Brief History. According to Greenland, he was named Greenland because the founder of Greenland, Erik the Red named it to lure potential settlers for having an appealing name. Iceland (Icelandic: Ísland; ()) is a Nordic island country in the North Atlantic Ocean, with a population of 356,991 and an area of 103,000 km 2 (40,000 sq mi), making it the most sparsely populated country in Europe. The Saga of Erik the Redstates: "I… They named Greenland to achieve quite the opposite, as they didn’t care if anyone was willing to colonize the iceberg in the freezing ocean. Posted on April 28, 2018 August 15, 2018 by carlieblessing. “In the summer, Erik left to settle in the country he had found, which he called Greenland, as he said people would be attracted there if it had a favorable name.” Thus, Iceland was named by a … Today we can determine through the analysis of ice cores and mollusk shell data that in the period between 800 and 1300 A.D., the average temperature in Greenland was significantly higher than it is today. The name Greenland comes from Scandinavian settlers. As for Iceland, according to the Sagas of Icelanders, which chronicles the country’s history from the 9th to 11th century, the Norse explorer called Naddador was the first to reach the island in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean. South Iceland. Iceland and Greenland are very close to one another, and both are quite far North. It is believed that Eric was an adventurous person, and he, therefore, explored the western part and finally found a habitable spot in the largely ice-covered island. However, he is credited for the world’s first publicity stunt naming the country this fertile name to get people to move over! Greenland has a low population of 80,000 inhabitants making it the 205th most populous country. Well, one internet theory claims that this was indeed intentional―the Vikings who settled in Iceland considered the island habitable, so they named it Iceland, hoping that the name would be enough to discourage other European peoples attempting to make their own settlements. There are different climatic conditions with the south coast being warmer and wetter than the north. they rule Iceland . mother earth . While Iceland seems to have had its fair share of publicity in recent years, few travelers know very much about the nearby country of Greenland at all. Sort by. Erik deliberately gave the land a more appealing name than “Iceland” in order to lure potential settlers. Greenland has a low population of 80,000 inhabitants making it the 205th most populous country. save hide report. share. However, this theory is highly unlikely. Close. However, the age of the ice sheet, which is more than 3 kilometres thick in places and covers 80% of Greenland, proves that the opportunities to establish communities would have been limited to rather small areas. Iceland is a sovereign state with its own parliament, a president, currency, language, and laws.. Greenland is an autonomous territory within the kingdom of Denmark. mother earth . Even though the changes in Greenland were much harsher than those in Iceland, the Vikings in Greenland were able to adapt to the colder temperatures by taking up … One of Erik the Red's four children was Leif Eriksson . By: The Scribe on Friday, December 17, 2010. Iceland has had four different names, but it has never been called “Greenland,” even though some parts of it are brilliantly green at the right time of year. The immigrants included the Icelandic and Norwegians. Iceland vs. Greenland – Some Facts. Iceland has an area of 103,000 km². It was later named “green land” by Erik the Red, another Norwegian, who really was fleeing from Norway and first went to Iceland before settling in Greenland. This could happen in a period of 200 years. Iceland’s first name, Thule or Ultima Thule, was mentioned by a Greek explorer and writer named Pytheas, who lived around 330 B.C. The earliest record we have of Iceland concerns a gentleman named Naddador, who, because it was snowing, named it, you guessed it, Snow Land, or snæland. During the medieval warm period (when they arrived) it was even greener. 8 comments. Erick the Red was a Norwegian who lived in Iceland and was forced into exile after killing a neighbor. Mass migration to Iceland began soon after. Greenland, meanwhile, was not “discovered” (by Norsemen, that is) until a century or so later, when a Norwegian who was sailing to Iceland was blown off course. Come to think of it maybe it is because of the fact that our naming system is so different from what other nations are used to. Fearing being pursued by the rival group they sent word back home that the island was actually ice covered and inhabitable. Thus, Iceland was named by a sad Viking and Greenland is the slogan of a medieval marketing scheme. Iceland was settled in 874 AD. The first occupant migrated there in the ninth century led by a Norseman from Norway called Naddador (Naddodd). Time zones in Greenland, including time zone names for standard time and Daylight Saving Time (DST) in 2020. Why Go There: With Donald Trump's headline-making bid to buy the country of Greenland, travelers everywhere took note. He started exploring for an icy region known to exist in the northwest. Iceland is an island located in the North Atlantic Ocean, occupying a total area of 102,775 square kilometers (39,682 square miles). But it’s more complicated than that. It has a population of only 50,000 people, limited by its cold climate. The name Greenland comes from Scandinavian settlers. Despite the name Greenland, temperatures are known to go to the below -17 °C (1.4 °F) during winter. Around 1750, two children who very actually siblings, were given two named and somehow it sparked a wave and today having one name is much rarer. It lies south of the Arctic Basin proper and borders Greenland (west), Svalbard (east), the main Arctic Ocean (north), and the Norwegian Sea and Iceland (south). Sailing westwards, he embarked for the shores of a huge island he deemed suitable for a settlement. It’s a volcanic island, much younger than the rest of Greenland, which rose up from the continental split where you now find Iceland.The volcanic soil is rich in nutrients and therefore far … And it is cold, about 80% of its surface is ice-capped. Iceland is a large Nordic island country, and one of the most sparsely populated nations in Europe. This is contrary to the myth that the Viking gave it the name to discourage other people from coming to the place. The Icelandic old law demanded death or exile, so he chose the life of an adventurer on the open seas. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com. But it is also known for its rich history and a strong Norse and Viking heritage, which has been well preserved to the present day in the Icelandic culture, language, and traditions. The first Viking to actually land on Greenland with his heart still beating – as far as we know – was Erik the Red. As Erik the Red’s father had been banished from Norway and settled in Iceland, it is likely that Leif was born there and raised in Greenland. The terrain is characterized by sand and lava fields surrounded by mountains and glaciers. The first settler was Ingólfur Arnarson, who settled in Reykjavík. Iceland is the most sparsely populated country in Europe with approximately 332,329 people. The GIUK Gap is the name for the maritime channels between Greenland, Iceland and the United Kingdom which connect the Arctic Ocean and the Norwegian Sea with the North Atlantic. Scientists are growing extremely concerned that global warming is melting the ice too quickly. When Erik returned to Iceland after his exile had expired, he is said to have brought with him stories of “Greenland”. First of all Greenland is not a continent even if it looks like one on many maps, no it is just the world's largest island. Two of these are Iceland and Greenland. Discover (and save!) Erik had been banished from Iceland after he killed three people in a feud, so he assembled a 14-boat exploration party and sailed west in search of a new home. Naddodd named the place snow land due to the plenty of snow occupying the island. The Greenland Sea is a body of water that borders Greenland to the west, the Svalbard archipelago to the east, Fram Strait and the Arctic Ocean to the north, and the Norwegian Sea and Iceland to the south. According to the Icelandic sagas, Erik the Red named it Greenland in an attempt to lure settlers in search of land and the promise of a better life. Iceland is greener than Greenland. Kalaallit Nunaat (the Inuit name for the island) is not an independent state but a self-governing overseas administrative division of Denmark . The capital city is called Nuuk where more than one-third of the people lives. It is very green today. Erik embarked on his journey as a consequence of exile from Iceland after he killed three people during a feud. The current administration center and also home to more than two-thirds of the people is called Reykjavik. So, basically, the name was part of Erik’s marketing strategy through which he hoped to assemble future settlers and cultivate the new world. Why Greenland is icy and Iceland is green? By the names of these two countries, one may assume Iceland is a cold land covered in snow and ice. padre . Archived. On reaching there, he looked for a favorable name that would attract others to settle in it. Greenland was named for the green places that they lived. The first Viking to actually land on Greenland with his he… He named the island "Greenland." He named the island "Greenland." As an anthropologist, interested in anything relating to humans, history and regulations this particular subject has always been an interest of mine. In the Norse sagas, it is said that Erik the Red was exiled from Iceland for murder. In order to get to the bottom of this paradox, an investigation was conducted by National Geographic, in which the magazine went deep into different chronicles and sagas, together with modern scientific facts. Iceland sits just beneath the Arctic circle, while Greenland extends well into the Arctic circle. Naddador was followed by the Viking colonizer Garðar Svavarosson, who was more into naming the country after himself, probably making a precedent in the established tradition. Greenland is the world’s largest island. they named iceland iceland so that they could keep it for themselves and so that no one would want to go there. Farming venture and grazing grounds also thrived. But there is also a different story stating that since the land was tough but still fertile and habitable, the Vikings named it Iceland to scare newcomers away. The second recorded immigrant was a swede, Garoar Svavarsson, who was followed by a Viking called Floki Vilgeroarson. Advertisement. Why were they named like that? Some of Iceland’s most famous volcanoes are popular female names in Iceland, examples Katla, and Hekla. After being exiled from Iceland for murder around 982 CE, he skirted the southern tip of Greenland to land in what would become the Eastern Settlement (Eystribyggð in Old Norse), in a fjord he confidently named Eriksfjord. On the other hand, Iceland, consisting of the words “ice” and “land,” seems a bit too green to live up to that name. He explained, “People would be attracted to go there if it had a favorable name”. Posted by. Photo by Artūras Slapšys – CC BY-SA 3.0. Greenland states he was slightly jealous that Iceland's name for short of "Icy" and "Ice" had a better ring to it. From the earliest settler to the world's first gay leader, Icelanders have been vital in shaping human culture in far greater ways than the size of their population would ever suggest they could. It is the largest island after Australia. A story is told of a quarrel among the Norwegian Vikings which led to war. On the other hand, Iceland, consisting of the words “ice” and “land,” seems a bit too green to live up to that name. share. By John Misachi on October 5 2018 in World Facts. Greenland Sea, outlying portion of the Arctic Ocean, with an area of 465,000 square miles (1,205,000 square km). So, Garðarshólmur (“Garðar’s Isle”) became the next name under which today’s Iceland was known. Why Greenland is icy and Iceland is green? A map indicating the travels of the first Scandinavians in Iceland during the 9th century. Floki is believed to have given the island the name Iceland for the icebergs that surrounded the place since it was winter at the time of his visit. They further added that there was another island further which was green and fit for human settlement. On reaching there, he looked for a favorable name that would attract others to settle in it. 0. Ever wondered why Greenland, three-quarters of which are covered by the only permanent ice sheet outside Antarctica, has in its name the adjective “green”? Average depth is 4,750 All these settlers did not alter the name Iceland. The name was most likely chosen as an early PR campaign to encourage people to move there. Eirikr rauði Þorvaldsson (approx. The Norse settled Greenland from Iceland during a warm period around 1000 C.E. How Greenland got its Name. Of course, the country was already inhabited by Inuit natives, who called the island Kalaallit Nunaat, meaning “The Land of the People.” The name is still in use among the Greenlandic Inuit population.c, Related story from us: Icelandic turf houses: eco-friendly homes, built on lava stones, date back more than a thousand years. 4 comments. If it were all about the dominating colors, I guess Greenland should have been named Iceland and Iceland should have been named Blackland or Sandland. u/harshitkharb. They eventually settled in Iceland, and in 1424, for reasons lost to history, they needed to provide letters and witnesses proving that they had been married in Greenland. New comments cannot be posted and votes cannot be cast. Greenland, on the other hand, was discovered in 982 A.D., when Erik the Red, the father of Leif Eriksson, landed on the southeastern part of the island. In viking legend, Greenland was described as a lush, green, fertile land. He was running away from charges of manslaughter and carried with him members of his family. save hide report. They ended up on the actual green island. Along with his extended family and his thralls (i.e. The Green Land Named Iceland.. Not Greenland which is Icy. They do have some autonomy and, in addition to Danish, also speak Greenlandic, which is Eskimo – Aleut language spoken in Greenland, Alaska, and several other Arctic regions. This story has some truth in it regarding the Greenland name. Despite Flóki’s efforts to discourage further colonization of the island, upon his return to Norway, a rumor was spread by one of his seamen known only as Thorólf that the country was fertile and rich, just waiting for settlers. But even as a chilly era called the Little Ice Age set in, the story goes, they clung to … 100% Upvoted. This thread is archived. 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