At least three situations create relevant opportunities for applying the case study method as a research method. It can be considered a robust research method particularly when a holistic, in-depth investigation is required. Typically, data are gathered from a variety of sources and by using several different methods (e.g. The case study method often involves simply observing what happens to, or reconstructing the case history of a single participant or group of individuals (such … Case studies are based on an in-depth investigation of a single individual, group or event to explore the causes of underlying principles. Research Methodology chapter describes research methods, approaches and designs in detail highlighting those used throughout the study, justifying my choice through describing advantages and disadvantages of each approach and design taking into account their practical applicability to our research objectives, methodology, work plans and budget). Case studies are commonly used in social, educational, clinical, and business research. The availability of the literature may bring ease in the research. the researcher recognizes definite problems by thorough investigation and several discussions on the issue in question . ... illustrates a common case study protocol that guides the researcher’s methodology: • Purpose and rationale for case study While the case study methodology is very flexible, it must be clear how the data from various sources contribute to the overall aims of the study. It provides the basis for the application of ideas and extension of methods. thinking, this study is based on a mixed methods research approach which is explained in detail in the following sections. More sources of evidence are better, but only if these can be properly recorded and validated. When the approach is applied correctly, it becomes a valuable method for health science research to develop theory, evaluate programs, and develop interventions. The value of the case study approach is well recognised in the fields of business, law and policy, but somewhat less so in health services research. It is usually a learning tool for Teachers, historians, social workers, etc. Business research methods can be defined as “a systematic ad scientific procedure of data collection, compilation, analysis, interpretation, and implication pertaining to any business problem”.Types of research methods can be classified into several categories according to the nature and purpose of the study and other attributes. This Determine and define research questions; Select cases and determine data collection and analysis techniques; Preparation for data collection; Collection of data in the field; Evaluate and analyze data; Prepare the report; By following these six steps the case study is complete. The steps when using case study methodology are the same as for other types of research.6 The first step is defining the single case or identifying a group of similar cases that can then be incorporated into a multiple-case study. After the formulation of the problem and creating hypothesis for it, research Design is to prepare by the researcher. PDF | On Mar 1, 2016, Trista Hollweck published Robert K. Yin. Explanatory case studies aim to answer ‘how’ or ’why’ questions with little control on behalf of researcher over occurrence of events. Little attention is paid to the usefulness of this method, with an average of two pages devoted to this research approach (Burns & Grove, 1999). The researcher must design a sample. Abstract Case study is a suitable research methodology for software engineering research since it studies contemporary phenomena in its natural context. The data sources and data collection methods were used. Case study: Case study method is used to find more information through carefully analyzing existing cases. 7. The case study approach allows in-depth, multi-faceted explorations of complex issues in their real-life settings. These case studies are likely to appear in formal research venues, as journals and professional conferences, rather than in popular works. Case studies are based on an in-depth investigation of a single individual, group or event to explore the causes of underlying principles. It is very accessible to readers. Select: Select the work worth studying and define the objectives to be achieved. The collection of information must be containing on facts which is from the following two types of researcher. Authors: … It is an art rather than a science. Some researchers believe that thematic analysis is not a separate method of data analysis but rather it can help every qualitative research in the analysis. Conventions of British Constitution – Case Study of UK Political System, Qualities of Successful Businessman and Entrepreneur, Salient Features of Constitution of China – …, Advantages & Disadvantages of Sampling Method of …, Deductive Method of Economic Analysis, Steps, Advantages …, Schools of Jurisprudence, Analytical, Historical & Sociological …. Studies in business research belonging to this category usually describe culture or sub-culture, and they attempt to discover the key phenomena. Groups of Research Methods. Quantitative Research Methods. The research may also continue for an extended period of time, so processes and developments can be studied as they happen. • You should not collect data randomly. The steps are: 1. The hypothesis is to draw the positive & negative cause and effect aspects of a problem. Example: “Impact of increasing levels of multiculturalism on marketing practices: A case study of McDonald’s Indonesia.”, Exploratory case studies aim to find answers to the questions of ‘what’ or ‘who’. A case study is a research methodology that has commonly used in social sciences. A research proposal is a very difficult writing, which is made when v:~\~~ went through the highest academic steps of education. He must keep in his mind the following points: The report should carry a title, brief introduction of the problem and background followed by acknowledgement. the patient’s personal history). If it is possible to conduct interviews with individuals, who are knowledgeable about the topic of the study, I suggest you do so. So, for the understanding thoroughly the problem it must have to discuss with colleagues, friend, experts and teachers. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage. Case studies are in-depth investigations of a single person, group, event or community. • Case Review- Critical reappraisal of a case • Case report- Summary of a case/ documented reporting of a case 4. After the selection of research problem, the second step is that of literature mostly connected with the topics. Case study as a research method is often indexed in most undergraduate research textbooks as neither quantitative nor qualitative. I. Data Processing: it is sub-divided into the following. When we select a title or research statement, then other activities would be easy to perform. Case study research process; A case study research process can be described in five major steps: Case study design – defining the objectives and planning the case study; Preparation for data collection – defining procedures and protocols for collecting data; Collecting evidence on the case you are investigating; Analyzing the collected data , It is the foundation for further development of the . Develop 5. However, the understanding of what constitutes a case study varies, and hence the quality of the resulting studies. Case Study Research Methodology. Do the hypothesis are related to the facts or not? The development of hypothesis is a technical work depends on the researcher experience. Maintain. Research requires rigorous methods for the data analysis, this requires a methodology that can help facilitate objectivity. This is the most important step in any research. An objective may be to reduce the manufacturing cost, or […] Research process consists of a series of steps or actions required for effectively conducting research. When we select a title or research statement, then other activities would be easy to perform. An effective research methodology is grounded in your overall approach – whether qualitative or quantitative – and adequately describes the methods you used. reports and library must be studied. For this purpose the information should more clearer. Any type of research design may be made, depend on the nature and purpose of the study. The selection of topic for research is a difficult job. The acceptable hypothesis is possible for researcher to arrival at the process of generalization or to make & theory. Research process contains a series of closely related activities which has to carry out by a researcher. January 2011; International Journal of Transactional Analysis Research & Practice 2(1):25; DOI: 10.29044/v2i1p25. This means that a large portion of the work is done before you start writing your study. using case studies in research means that the holistic nature of nursing care can be addressed. The first step of the scientific research process involves defining the problem and conducting research. It may draw the conceptual structure of the problem. Justify why you chose those methods … Example: “An investigation into the reasons of the global financial and economic crisis of 2008 – 2010.”, Descriptive case studies aim to analyze the sequence of interpersonal events after a certain amount of time has passed. A case study is a form of research that is why it is called case study research. Exploratory case study data collection method is often accompanied by additional data collection method(s) such as interviews, questionnaires, experiments etc. He describes a case history as an event or series of events set in an organisational framework with or without a related environment. According to its design, case studies in business research can be divided into three categories: explanatory, descriptive and exploratory. 282 pages. Let’s Sail Through Your Academic Difficulties Together! Let’s See the steps involved in the research process in research methodology. Meaning: The case study method is a very popular form of qualitative analysis and involves a careful and complete observation of a social unit, be that unit a person, a family, an institution, a cultural group or even the entire community. Case studies are in-depth investigations of a single person, group, event or community. Various steps involved in the research process. The research methodology case study may be somewhat controversial as far as data collection methods are concerned but are widely used if your research concerns an in-depth explanation of social behavior which makes case studies methodology a perfect technique for social science students. In business research, four common case study approaches are distinguished. Research methods. Representing a framework which entails all the steps we mentioned above seemed useful. By reviewing almost all the literature on case study methodology, in this section, we try to develop a pervasive framework, in order to help researchers using the case study methodology in their research. My e-book, The Ultimate Guide to Writing a Dissertation in Business Studies: a step by step assistance offers practical assistance to complete a dissertation with minimum or no stress. Following are the main steps in social or business research process. There should be a question or a problem which requires an answer or a solution. A researcher should prepare a report for which he has done is his work. Most research question begin with: how, why, what or can, and they are clearly formulated, narrow and researchable. Rigorous thematic analysis can bring objectivity to the data analysis in qualitative research. It must be divided into chapters and every chapter explains separate title in which summary of the findings should be enlisted. Table 2.4 lists the steps of the research process and provides an example of each step for a sample research study. There is no measure that shows your research is the best. For this purpose academic journals, conference and govt. After the preparation of report, the last step in business research process contains of bibliography, references, appendices, index and maps or charts for illustration. The first foundation of the case study is the subject and relevance. A very significant decision in research design process is the choice to be made regarding research approach since it determines how relevant information for a study will be obtained; however, the research design process involves many interrelated decisions .This study employed a mixed type of methods. Primary Data Collection: Primary data may be from the following. The overall research strategies and framework are indicated in this research process from problem formulation to problem validation including all the parameters. The steps when using case study methodology are the same as for other types of research.6 The first step is defining the single case or identifying a group of similar cases that can then be incorporated into a multiple-case study. Advantages of case study method include data collection and analysis within the context of phenomenon, integration of qualitative and quantitative data in data analysis, and the ability to capture complexities of real-life situations so that the phenomenon can be studied in greater levels of depth. Data Exposition: Date Exposition has the following sub-categories. Case study is by its nature idiographic work, and usually tends to be interpretive. PHASE II PLANNING FOR RESEARCH STUDY AND INSTRUMENT ... Let’s See the steps involved in the research process in research methodology. The research topic or problem should be practical, relatively important, feasible, ethically and politically acceptable. It is very often used for business research or to gather empirical evidence for investigation purpose. The researcher employed a phenomenological research design and methodology to achieve the objectives of this study. MERRIAM (2009) acknowledges case study research can use both quantitative and qualitative methods; however, when working on qualitative case studies, methods aimed at generating inductive reasoning and interpretation rather than testing hypothesis take priority. A case study is a research strategy and an empirical inquiry that investigates a phenomenon within its real-life context. A research statement can be used to … Case Study: Case study research is used to study an organization or an entity. Presentation, data are gathered from a variety of sources and data collection methods were.. 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