Now, it's one of the most famous tourist attractions in China. Our tours are customizable - tell us your interests and requirements and we will help you to tailor-make your Xi'an tour. They, too, may have been stolen in antiquity as some figures do appear to have been holding an item in each hand. Li near Lishan (modern Lintong), 50 km east of the Qin capital Xianyang in Shaanxi Province, central China. The Terracotta Army was built from 247 BC or 246 BC to 208 BC over 2,200 years ago. Why should I visit the Terracotta Army? Its construction began in 246 BC. Faces and hair, in particular, were modified to give the illusion of a real army composed of unique individuals, even if in reality there are only eight types of torso and head. The Terracotta Army refers to the thousands of life-size clay models of soldiers, horses, and chariots which were deposited around the grand mausoleum of Shi Huangdi, first emperor of China and founder of the Qin dynasty, located near Lishan in Shaanxi Province, central China. The period saw the building of the Great Wall of China, the infamous Burning of the Books, where thousands of literary and philosophical works were destroyed, and the construction of a sumptuous royal palace. With your entry ticket, you can visit them in any order and there are more than 30 free shuttle buses between them. The Terracotta Army Panoramaby Bernd Thaller (CC BY-NC-SA). The site of the mausoleum is a UNESCO World Heritage Site even if the inner tomb itself has yet to be excavated. The Terracotta Army was discovered on 29 March 1974 to the east of Xi'an in Shaanxi province by a group of farmers when they were digging a water well around 1.6 km (1 mile) east of the Qin Emperor's tomb mound at Mount Li (Lishan), a region riddled with underground springs and watercourses. The second pit, which is slightly smaller and R-shaped, had some 1,400 figures in it. If death w… Related Content Other non-terracotta artefacts discovered at the site as archaeologists work their way ever-closer to the central tomb area include half-size bronze and wood chariots pulled by teams of four bronze horses, and bronze sculptures of birds, notably 3 very fine cranes, 20 swans, and 20 geese, all set up by a 60-metre long pond to recreate a river scene. The Terracotta Army, Xi'an - All You Want to Know, How to Visit the Terracotta Army Hassle Free, Who Built the Terracotta Army and Why - the First Emperor’s Army, Daily VIP Xi'an Terracotta Warriors and City Discovery Tour, 10 Facts about the Qin Dynasty (221–206 BC), Qin Shi Huang - First Emperor of the Qin Dynasty, How the Terracotta Army Was Made and Its Composition. There are over a thousand combinations of heads, torsos, and expressions that comprise each soldier, rendering almost all of them unique. A professional archaeological team was established to protect the collection of terracotta statues. Even this one-quarter section has not been fully excavated with only three of its four pits having been fully explored by archaeologists. The mausoleum of Shi Huangdi, actually an entire multi-burial complex which covers an incredible 35 to 60 square kilometres, was discovered in 1974 CE buried at the foot of the artificial Mt. The soldiers are part of Shihuangdi's tomb, located near the modern town of Xi'an, Shaanxi province in China. The Terracotta Army was designed to guard Qin Shi Huang's tomb. See more ideas about terracotta army, terracotta warriors, china. Last modified November 06, 2017. Retrieved from https://www.ancient.eu/Terracotta_Army/. They dug through three springs, poured in liquid bronze, and secured the sarcophagus. It is estimated that the Terracotta Army was built in the third century BCE, making them over 2,000 years old. Over 720,000 laborers worked for approximately 40 years to complete it. Shaanxi Province, China. Archaeologists have discovered hundreds of small statues depicting infantrymen, cavalry, and performers in a 2,100-year-old pit in China. The tomb itself remains unexcavated but its spectacular army of terracotta defenders has, in part, been revealed and already earned the site the title of “Greatest Tomb in the World”. Ancient History Encyclopedia, 06 Nov 2017. The army was located about a mile from the tomb of the emperor. However, it is only a construction of what the tomb might look like. on Pinterest. Then there is a long list of real objects, not simply models. The figures were not glazed but were lacquered to protect them and painted using bright colours - traces of red pigment remain on some figures. The tumulus of the buried tomb takes the form of a three-stepped pyramid, measures an impressive 1,640 metres in circumference, 350 metres along each side, and rising to a height of 60 metres. He ruled as China’s first emperor until his death in 210 BCE. The emperor seems to have been especially keen on acquiring immortality, a quest no doubt given further motivation by his survival of three assassination attempts. Chinese Terracotta Warriorby glancs (CC BY). Qin Shi Huang was known for his political ability and tyranny. 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