[46] Cyclones are only common on the Atlantic side. Here are some Hungry Shark World - Arctic Ocean Map and images to help you locate all known locations of all Daily Treasure Chests or Hidden Sunken Items. english labeling and scaling. For example, the Beaufort High—an extension of the Siberian High system—is a pressure system that drives the anticyclonic motion of the Beaufort Gyre. Endangered marine species in the Arctic Ocean include walruses and whales. An underwater ridge, the Lomonosov Ridge, divides the deep sea North Polar Basin into two oceanic basins: the Eurasian Basin, which is between 4,000 and 4,500 m (13,100 and 14,800 ft) deep, and the Amerasian Basin (sometimes called the North American, or Hyperborean Basin), which is about 4,000 m (13,000 ft) deep. The low shifts to center over the North Pole in the summer. [13][15] It is the only ocean smaller than Russia, which has a land area of 16,377,742 km2 (6,323,482 sq mi). [60] In ice-covered regions of the central Arctic Ocean, polar cod is a central predator of primary consumers. Online Map of Arctic Ocean. I phone back, collect again, and Harry Hansen is there waiting for my call. [37] When water reaches the basin it is pushed by strong winds into a large circular current called the Beaufort Gyre. Fridtjof Nansen was the first to make a nautical crossing of the Arctic Ocean, in 1896. The bathymetry of the ocean bottom is marked by fault block ridges, abyssal plains, ocean deeps, and basins. [62], The Arctic ice pack is thinning, and a seasonal hole in the ozone layer frequently occurs. [37] Complementing the water from the canyons, some Pacific water that does not sink to the shelf region after passing through the Bering Strait also contributes to this water mass. Of these three, the Siberian Shelf is the largest such shelf in the world. In World War II, the European region of the Arctic Ocean was heavily contested: the Allied commitment to resupply the Soviet Union via its northern ports was opposed by German naval and air forces. Waters originating in the Pacific and Atlantic both exit through the Fram Strait between Greenland and Svalbard Island, which is about 2,700 metres (8,900 feet) deep and 350 kilometres (220 miles) wide. Disclosure: This trip was sponsored by Mazda of which I created a highlight video to share my once-in-a-lifetime journey. The Arctic Ocean includes the North Pole region in the middle of the Northern Hemisphere, and extends south to about 60°N. ", "Warmer Arctic with Less Ice Increases Storm Surge", "Arctic Russian Town Declares Polar Bear Invasion Emergency After 52 Wander In", "Watch: Polar bear in Russian archipelago peeks inside a house", "Polar bear invasion: Parents scared to send children to school in remote Russian archipelago", "A Storehouse of Greenhouse Gases Is Opening in Siberia", 400 million cubic meters of radioactive waste threaten the Arctic area, Plutonium in the Russian Arctic, or How We Learned to Love the Bomb, "A Top-Secret US Military Base Will Melt Out of the Greenland Ice Sheet", "Radioactive contamination from Fukushima found as far north as Alaska's Bering Strait", "5 nations sign declaration to protect Arctic 'donut hole' from unregulated fishing", Arctic Great Rivers Observatory (ArcticGRO), Daily Arctic Ocean Rawinsonde Data from Soviet Drifting Ice Stations (1954–1990), NOAA Near-realtime North Pole Weather Data, "Daily report of Arctic ice cover based on satellite data", Chief Directorate of the Northern Sea Route, United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, Effects of global warming on marine mammals, List of countries where Arabic is an official language, Lower Gangetic Plains moist deciduous forests, Northwestern Himalayan alpine shrub and meadows, Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt pine–oak forests, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Arctic_Ocean&oldid=992399852, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, All Wikipedia articles written in Canadian English, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 December 2020, at 02:10. In the United States in the 1850s and 1860s, the explorers Elisha Kane and Isaac Israel Hayes both claimed to have seen part of this elusive body of water. This area seems to be set at sunset in a mostly cloudy sky. [39] The width of the Fram Strait is what allows for both inflow and outflow on the Atlantic side of the Arctic Ocean. Release of version 4 of the IBCAO. The new map is promoted by the International Bathymetric Chart of the Arctic Ocean (IBCAO) and expands up to a 19.6% the submarine surface mapped in previous versions. The Arctic Ocean is the smallest and shallowest of the world's five major oceans. The Arctic Ocean's surface temperature and salinity vary seasonally as the ice cover melts and freezes;[4] its salinity is the lowest on average of the five major oceans, due to low evaporation, heavy fresh water inflow from rivers and streams, and limited connection and outflow to surrounding oceanic waters with higher salinities. Surrounded by the land masses of Europe, North America, Greenland, and by several islands, it is partly covered by sea ice throughout the year, and almost completely in the winter months. It is connected to the Pacific Ocean by the Bering Strait and to the Atlantic Ocean through the Greenland Sea and Labrador Sea.[1]. The Siberian Shelf holds large oil and gas reserves, and the Chukchi shelf forms the border between Russian and the United States as stated in the USSR–USA Maritime Boundary Agreement. [16] Before the advent of modern icebreakers, ships sailing the Arctic Ocean risked being trapped or crushed by sea ice (although the Baychimo drifted through the Arctic Ocean untended for decades despite these hazards). Being the smallest of the world's major oceanic divisions, it includes Barents Sea, Beaufort Sea, Chukchi Sea, East Siberian Sea, Greenland Sea, Kara Sea, Laptev Sea, and other smaller bodies of water. Arctic Map. The map below shows the regional seas that make up the Arctic Ocean, along with other geographical features. amzn_assoc_marketplace = "amazon"; Throughout the Cenozoic, the subduction of the Pacific plate, the collision of India with Eurasia and the continued opening of the North Atlantic created new hydrocarbon traps. The Arctic Ocean is surrounded by Eurasia and North America, and the borders follow topographic features; the Bering Strait on the Pacific side, and the Greenland Scotland Ridge on the Atlantic side. Look at this map. Harry and the pilot of the other plane are flying on GPS. In the depth range of 150–900 metres (490–2,950 feet) is a water mass referred to as Atlantic Water. It spends about a quarter of its time sleeping and particularly likes to sleep after eating. Lion's mane jellyfish are abundant in the waters of the Arctic, and the banded gunnel is the only species of gunnel that lives in the ocean. 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