Record: 6, Pennsylvania. Hibernation: 0 to 7 months depending upon food supply. In some areas of coastal British Columbia and Alaska they also feed on spawning salmon. Adult Weight: Black bears have 5 toes, each with a well-developed claw, on b… Vision: Color vision. Their main defense against this is to climb trees out of reach of the less agile grizzly. Mating takes place in June, July, and August, and pairs may remain together for only a few hours or for several days. Age at Production of First Cubs: 4 to 9 years(Ontario), depending upon food supply. affected annual male reproductive success in a solitary carnivore, the black bear. Record: 454 pounds; Pennsylvania. Colour: Body fur black, brown, blonde, or rarely white. Pregnancy last s about 220 days, and the cubs are born in a maternity den in January and February. Because of this practice, and the loss of their forest habitat, black bears were rare in the Commonwealth in the 1800s and early 1900s. First litters often 1 or 2. Heaviest brain, relative to body length, of any land carnivore. We used GPS telemetry data on female American black bears Ursus americanus to examine their response to roads in Massachusetts, US. How much do black bears weigh? Intelligence: One of the most intelligent mammals. Canada’s black bear population is about 450,000 animals. Length: Adult black bears are 4 to 6 feet long. American black bears (Ursus americanus ) are the smallest bears in North America. So far, it has appeared only in the episode "American Black Bear vs. American Alligator", from which the black bear has emerged victorious. Range: Extensive forests with low human populations from Florida and Mexico to Alaska and Labrador, extending onto open tundra where grizzly bears have been extirpated in northern Labrador. Because the structural size or lean body mass of individual bears ranged from 98 to 168 kg, the correlation between birth date and maternal mass was weaker (R 2 = 0.47) than that between birth date and maternal body fat content (R 2 = 0.74; Fig. Across its range, the greatest skull length for the species has been reportedly measured from 23.5 to 35 cm (9.3 to 13.8 in). Interval Between Litters: 2 to 4 years, most often 2 years, depending upon food supply. Females are considerably smaller, weighing up to 400 pounds. Bears in the Northeast typically are entirely black with a brown muzzle and, occasionally, a small white chest patch (Figure 1). Less preferred foods may cause weight loss. Sounds: Black bears make huffing, snorting, and jaw clapping sounds when nervous, angry, or distressed. Can run uphill or downhill. Record: 454 pounds; Pennsylvania. Females reach sexual maturity at three to four years of age and males a year or so later. Captive bears may exceed these records. Preferred Foods: Fruit, nuts, acorns, insects, succulent greens, and meat. Photos by Mike McIntosh. During the breeding season, a male and female may remain together for several days at a time and groups of bears may feed in close proximity to each other if food is abundant, such as in berry patches or at dumps. Image of nature, wildlife, male - 141888226 An American Black Bear Feeds By The Roadside Stock Photo - Image of nature, wildlife: 141888226 Untested distance vision, vision appears to equal humans. The promiscuous mating system of black bears includes aspects consistent with intense sexual selection. American black bears are the mascot for Baylor University. Daily Activity Period: Typically 1/2 hour before sunrise to 1 to 2 hours after sunset. Swimming Distance: excellent long distance swimmer. Kermode bears are found along the north-central coast of British Columbia, and the Yukon Territory, Canada. Optimum Habitat: Extensive forests with a variety of fruit- and nut-producing species. Long-Term Problem: Human population expansion is reducing bear habitat. Litter size ranges from one to five, but two is the average. Prefer to be active during daylight hours, however may become nocturnal to avoid people. North American Black BEAR - Adult male, close-up TOM-86 North American Black BEAR - Adult male, close-up Minnesota USA. They have a body length between 1.3 and 1.9 m (4.25 - 6.25 ft), a tail length between 7 and 15 cms (2.75 - 6 inches) and they weigh between 55 and 300 Kgs (120 - 660 lbs). Although black is the predominant color, chocolate and cinnamon brown color phases are also common, which often results in people confusing them with brown bears. Offspring IDENTIFICATION . Wildlife anesthetic protocols must offer rapid inductions and recoveries, be physiologically safe, and be minimally regulated. 1). American black bears are omnivores, with their diets varying greatly depending on season and location. The American black bear (or simply the black bear) is the smallest species of bear in North America, and the most well-spread and variable species of bear as well. White chest patch on some not all, always unique. Small openings promote fruiting of many shrub species. An adult male black bear stands three feet tall at the shoulder, measures five feet in length, and weighs upwards of 600 lbs. The American black bear is a medium-sized bear native to North America. We compared bear road crossing frequency with a null crossing model derived from a correlated random walk, estimated road crossing movement speeds, and fit a road‐crossing resource selection function. Fat bears in winter readiness tire and overheat quickly. Males may be from about 20 to 60 percent larger than females. Black bears are the third largest mammal in Wisconsin, with elk (Cervus elaphus) and moose (Alces alces) the only larger mammals. Some black bears have been taught to distinguish between shapes such as triangles circles and squares. The claws are short and rounded, being thick at the base and tapering to a point. Mass of a large watermelon (10 kg) is 20 x Mass of an iPad Air (500 g) Tweet this comparison Mass of an adult male North American Black Bear /fact/mass-of-an-adult-male-north-american-black-bear Weight: Adult male black bears weigh 130 to 660 pounds.Adult female black bears weigh 90 to 175 pounds. They display considerable sexual size dimorphism, with males weighing 1.2–2.2 times more than females (Alt 1980; Noyce and Garshelis 1994). Grizzly bears tend to live in more open areas, while black bears prefer … Adult male black bears range from about 130 to 190 centimeters (50 to 75 inches) in length and weigh 60 to 300 kilograms (130 to 660 pounds). Winnie the Pooh takes his name from Winnipeg a black bear cub who lived at London Zoo from 1915 until 1934. ), and are larger than all other bear species apart from the polar and brown bears. With the increasing number of bears found in many areas of Massachusetts, it is important for residents to brush up on their bear knowledge. The existing state record (dressed weight) for a male black bear in Massachusetts is 467 pounds (or greater than 550 pounds live weight). As fascinating as black bears are, on occasion they can cause problems for people. They share these forests with grizzly bears and are sometimes eaten by them. They live in both arid and moist forests, from sea level to over 2,000 meters (6,560 feet). The skulls of American black bears are broad, with narrow muzzles and large jaw hinges. This specimen represents the first black bear taken in Nebraska since 1907. The shoulder heights of females are between 2’6”-3’1” (.75-.94 m) with weights from 200-450 lb (90-204 kg). Streams and pools are needed for drinking and cooling. Males: up to 500 pounds common, depending upon age, season, and food. The largest males can reach weights of over 450 kg (over 1,000 lb. Long-term memory excellent. How To … Adult Length: 50 to 80 inches, nose to tail, depending on sex. Ecological niche. Record: 816 pounds; Minnesota, over 800 pounds recorded in Manitoba; Females: 90 to 300 pounds common. Black bear, (Ursus americanus), also called American bear, the most common bear (family Ursidae), found in the forests of North America, including parts of Mexico.The American black bear consists of only one species, but its colour varies, even among members of the same litter. Black bears have strong, highly curved claws and the profile of the face is convex when compared with the more concave profile of a brown bear. In Virginia, the total length of adult bear skulls was found to average 262 to 317 mm (10.3 to 12.5 in). Black bears are normally found only in forested areas, but within such habitat they are highly adaptable. American Black Bears Facts: Scientific Name: Ursus americanus. The black bear is exclusively North American. Black bears play an important part in ecosystems due to their effects on fruits and insects. While the home ranges of individual bears are usually exclusive from those of other bears of the same sex, male ho me ranges are larger and may overlap those of several females. Eyes brown (blue at birth). trees larger than 20 inches d.b.h. Photo about This male Black Bear was seen feeding by the roadside in Waterton provincial park, Alberta, during May 2016. American black bears (Ursus amercanus), brown bears (Ursus arctos) and polar bears (Ursus maritimus) all have mating seasons occurring within a three-month duration during the spring and summer months (approximately May – July), with delayed implantation occurring in late fall (November), and cubs born within the den during early winter (January). During 3 to 5 months of hibernation, the American black bear does not defecate, urinate, or require food or water. Litter Size: Typically 2 in the West, 3 in the East. Black bears vary considerably in size, depending on the quality of the food available. Historically, black bears are thought to have stayed away from open habitat because of the risk of predation by brown bears. Education Outreach Initiatives / Bear With Us Inc. Few bears die of disease. The bear is drinking from a swamp on a hot Florida day. Females measure from 130 to 190 centimeters (50 to 75 inches) and weigh 40 to 80 kilograms (90 to 175 pounds). Females tend to have slenderer and more pointed faces than males. Average age of death from human-related causes: 6 years (northeastern Minnesota). Hibernation period: 3-8 months dependent on regional climate. Yearlings: 1-2 miles. Black bear coats are usually black in color, but can range from black to dark brown. Females measure from 130 to 190 centimeters (50 to 75 inches) and weigh 40 to 80 kilograms (90 to 175 pounds). No net accumulation of the usual nitrogenous products of p … Insects (particularly ants), nuts, berries, acorns, grasses, roots, and other vegetation form the bulk of their diet in most areas. Learn how to avoid conflicts by making sure your property and neighborhood are not attracting black bears. May swim to island campsites. Mating Season: Late May to July. Cubs may be weaned at six to eight months, but they remain with their mothers for a year and a half. Good near vision. Black bears are most active at night. Black bears are widely distributed throughout the forested areas of North America although they have been totally driven out from some of their original range. Home Range Diameter: Black bears with white and pale-blue coats (known respectively as Kermode and glacier bears) also occur in small numbers. Adult females weigh 100-180 pounds whereas adult males are larger, at 150-300 pounds. This history is rarely brought to bear on black women's current overrepresentation in the U.S. prison system. Cubs and yearlings; starvation, predation, falls from trees, road-kills, etc. Occasionally longer. They are the commonest, most widely distributed and smallest of the bear family Ursidae. Color: They are black, blonde, or various shades of brown, often with lighter fur around their snout. Grizzly bear vs black bear. Female home ranges are 3 to 40 square kilometers (1 to 15 square miles). Adult Weight: Males: up to 500 pounds common, depending upon age, season, and food. Hearing: Exceeds human frequency ranges and sensitivity. Kermode bears, or 'spirit bears', are a sub-species of American black bears that exist almost solely in Canada Their white fur and claws are caused … Adult male black bears range from about 130 to 190 centimeters (50 to 75 inches) in length and weigh 60 to 300 kilograms (130 to 660 pounds). Prior to 1952 black bears could be killed by anyone, at any time. Oldest wild bear recorded shot at age 41 years, New York State – 1974. They live in the conifer forests of Canada and a few wilderness areas as far south as Mexico. That phenomenon is changing. Running Speed: Lean bears may exceed 30 mph. Although the bear loses 15 to 25% of its body weight during this period, there is no significant change in its lean body mass. Summer Ursus americanus Tom & Pat Leeson Please note that prints are for personal display purposes only and may not be reproduced in any way. All Contents Copyright © 2020 Bear With Us. That most fatal black bear attacks were predatory and were carried out by 1 bear shows that females with young are not the most dangerous black bears. Credits: University of Minnesota, Dr. Lynn Rogers for text. Regulations passed in 1952 made it illegal to kill black bears except during regulated hunting seasons with a hunting license.Due to this conservation effort, the Massachusetts Division of Fisheries and Wil… Black bears are omnivorous and feed on a wide range of foods, depending on what is available. Parental Care: 17 months (rarely 29 months), ending in June/July when mothers become ready to mate again. We report on a young male, cinnamon-phase American black bear (Ursus americanus) that was collected in northwestern Nebraska on 12 May 2008. Does not threaten by growling. Height: 70-105 cm (Adult, At Shoulder) Lifespan: 18 + years (In the wild) Gestation period: 235 days. Mass:Male: 60-250 kg (Adult), Female: 41-170 kg (Adult) More about Black Bears Claws f… At birth, cubs weigh 225 to 330 grams (7 to 11 ounces). Adult (n = 23) or subadult (n = 10) male bears were involved in 92% (33 of 36) of fatal predatory incidents, reflecting biological and behavioral differences between male and female bears. Black bears can also be efficient predators of deer fawns and moose calves. It is the continent's smallest and most widely distributed bear species. Consequently, the most often that female black bears can mate, unless they lose their cubs prematurely, is every two years. Their claws are typically black or grayish-brown. Mike McIntosh of Bear With Us relocated a 360 pound female in the fall of 1998 in Central Ontario. Record: 816 pounds; Minnesota, over 800 pounds recorded in Manitoba; Potential Longevity: 21-33 years and more. Brown muzzle. Mike McIntosh of Bear With Us relocated a 360 pound female in the fall of 1998 in Central Ontario. Skin light coloured. Can generalize to the simple concept level. Although the smallest of the North American bears, the black bear is still one of North America’s largest mammals. Smelling ability is extremely good. Currently American black bears are classified as Least Concern (LC) and their numbers today are increasing. Causes of Death: Bears 2 years old or older outside national parks: 95 percent gunshot; 5 percent natural causes, road-kill, and other human-related causes. Brochure at top of page and photos – Mike and Ella McIntosh. The average weight of an adult male black bear is 150 to 350 pounds (68 to 158 kg). Main Characteristics The American Black Bear is the most common species of bear native to North America. Adult females: 2-6 miles. Smelling: One hundred times more nasal mucosa than a human. Grizzly bears assimilated more meat into their diet and were in better body condition than black bears throughout the study period, indicating the decline in ungulate resources did not affect grizzly bears more than black bears. Females: 90 to 300 pounds common. We contrasted body fat and mass in grizzly bears with a potential competitor, the American black bear (Ursus americanus), to address these questions. Adult males: 8-15 miles. The limits of this sense have not been tested. Sex Ratio: Nearly even at birth, generally with a bias toward males. If the issue of black female incarceration is raised, it is usually as a tangential afterthought in discussions about the carceral experiences of black men—and even then the role of intraracial gender violence is rarely discussed. Longevity in the wild is 20 to 25 years. The North American black bear is one of the most common species of bear in the United States. No female with a body fat content < 20% produced cubs even though we observed multiple matings during the preceding spring. It is also one of the smallest of the 3 species in North America. This medium-sized bear is usually black with a brown muzzle, lacks a shoulder hump, and often has a white patch on the chest. Human tolerance of black bars is low due to unrealistically ferocious popular image of black bears. with strong, furrowed bark are easily climbed refuges for spring cubs. Black bears are large-bodied animals that have a small, narrow head, powerful limbs, and small ears. Male American Black Bears have a shoulder height between 2’11”-3’5” (.89-1.04 m) and a weight in the range of 375-600 lb (170-272 kg). Black bears have become established in the tundra of northern Labrador, a region where there are no brown bears. Lowlands and wetlands are important sources of succulent vegetation. Sounds: Grunts, loud blowing, and a resonant “voice”. 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