In terms of human geography, Greece can be described as “classical Mediterranean” and “Balkan.” History, rather than the physical environment , accounts for the variations in settlement patterns, social composition , and demographic trends that cannot be explained by differentiating between “Old Greece” and the territories annexed in the early 20th century. Topography is again a modifying factor: the interior northern mountains continue to experience some precipitation, while along the winding coast the afternoon heat is eased slightly by sea breezes. In Athens, the capital of Greece, the climate is Mediterranean, with mild, moderately rainy winters and hot, sunny summers.The city is located near the 38th parallel, but in winter, from December to mid-March, it's sometimes subject to outbreaks of cold air from the Balkan Peninsula, which can bring cold and rain for some days, and sometimes even snow. Pines, plane trees, and poplars line the rivers, the higher slopes, and the coastal plains. Its summers were hot and dry. The upper part of Greece can be very cold during the winter and snow is not uncommon. Find out about Greek geography with Peter Sommer Travels. However, atmospheric pollution has become a serious problem in the cities, notably Athens, obscuring the sky and posing a hazard to the ancient monuments. In all seasons—perhaps especially in summer—the quality of light is one of Greece’s most appealing attractions. They would put on a cloak or wrap during the colder days of the winter months. Ancient Greek mosaic showing the sea god Poseidon riding two dolphins. Showing: All Year January February March April May June July August September October November December. Based on weather reports collected during 2005–2015. As a result, the existence of ethnic and national diversity in the country has remained a sensitive issue. In this geography skills worksheet, students respond to 6 short answer questions about Greece's climate, landforms, and places of interest. The Mediterranean waters and a northwesterly breeze kept temperatures at a comfortable level. Start studying Geography, Climate, and Agriculture of Ancient Greece. However, there are also microclimates in some regions due to their respective unique geography. The Greek mainland is extremely mountainous, making Greece one of the most mountainous countries in Europe. The east of the Pindus mountain range is generally drier and windier in summer. Forests and scrub are found at the highest elevations; black pine forests cover Mount Ólympos. Partly as a result, Thessaloníki (Salonika; Thessalonica) has an average January temperature in the low 40s F (about 6 °C), while in Athens it is in the low 50s F (about 10 °C), and in Iráklieo (Candia) on Crete it is in the low to mid-50s F (about 12 °C). Greece is home to about 6,000 species of wildflowers, of which some 600 are endemic. Greece has the longest coastline in Europe and is the southernmost country in Europe. Get Free Access See Review Lesson Planet The rocky and uneven soil on the peninsula of Greece allowed for less than 20 percent of the land to be farmed, so the Greeks relied heavily on imports of grains and other foods from other regions around the Mediterranean. Northeastern Greece: Makedonía and Thráki. The average July sea-level temperature approaches 80 °F (27 °C), although heat waves can push the temperature well above 100 °F (38 °C) for a day or so. The country is situated on the Balkan peninsula. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The record highest temperatures in the country were recorded in Tatoi and Elefsin… All Year Climate & Weather Averages in Athens. Greece Facts | Greece Geography. The subtle but complex vegetation mosaic is a product of the climatic effects of elevation, the contrast between north and south, local relief, and eight or nine millennia of human settlement and land use. Please see Pictures Galleries for Royalty Free images for Educational uses. They were fishermen 2. Greece is a country with soaring mountains and a beautiful coast, a perfect destination to travel and explore. Photograph by F8grapher, Dreamstime Geography has always had a great influence on Greece and its inhabitants. The average yearly rainfall ranged from twenty to fifty inches, with the majority coming during the winter months. The Mediterranean waters and a northwesterly breeze, known as the Etesian, kept temperatures at a comfortable level. Ancient Greece was made of hundreds of small islands and mainland regions that spanned across the Aegean, Mediterranean and Ionian seas. Nonetheless, the population of Greece includes people who identify themselves as Turks, Macedonians, Albanians, Aromanians (Vlachs), and Roma (Gypsies). Temperatures averaged about 75° F (24° C) in summer. The population of Greece, in particular that of northern Greece, has always been characterized by a great deal of ethnic, religious, and linguistic diversity. As the low-pressure areas enter the Aegean region, they may draw in cold air from those eastern regions of the Balkans that, sheltered by the Dinaric mountain system from western influences, are open to climatic extremes emanating from the heart of Eurasia. Greece experiences a dry-summer subtropical climate, which is commonly referred to as the Mediterranean climate, according to the Köppen climate-classification system. Those ultimately gave way in the 19th century to Modern Greek (except in the liturgy of the Greek Orthodox Church, which still uses Koine), although from roughly the 15th century onward, the language had a very modern aspect to it. The Greek government’s official position is that there are no ethnic or national minorities in the country and that virtually the entire population is Greek. Vegetation types from central Europe prevail on the mountain flanks and generally in the north. Evergreen trees and shrubs and herbaceous plants are found in the lowland, their flowers offering brilliant patterns in springtime. Situated on the southern tip of the Balkans, Greece is located at the crossroads of Europe, Asia, and Africa. Its summers were hot and dry. The winters are in the mid 50 to 60 degree's. Some nice parks also dot Athens, such as the National Gardens, the Antonis Tritsis Park and the Park of Veikou Hill. Greece is well known for the thousands of islands dotting the three seas that surround the country. Few populated areas have lasting snowfalls, but snow is commonly found on the highest peaks. The history of ancient Greece is in many ways the story of how environment and geography shaped the ways that communities and individuals interacted with each other. Greece is located in Europe, next to Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. In the winter, temperatures again were influenced by the surrounding water. 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