Hosts. Swaine G; Wyatt CA, 1954. • This symptom of infestation appear within 2 … Life Cycle Breeding for resistance or tolerance to the pest is the ideal and ultimate solution to the problem. The sorghum shoot fly, Atherigona soccata is one of the most important pests of grain sorghum in Asia, Africa and the Mediterranean Europe. For Sorghum midge, Endosulphan at the rate of 0.075 is sprayed and used. It is grown on about 7.93 M ha in India, A note on the parasites complex of sorghum shoot fly, Atherigona soccata Rondani. The larvae or maggots are yellowish or whitish in colour, up to 8 mm long. I. kafir race [8]. In order to control these insects, carbofuran/malathion at the rate of 125 ml/ha should be sprayed. Economic importance • Sorghum shoot fly is considered to be one of the most important and destructive pests. Sorghum shoot fly (Atherigona soccata) is one of the most destructive insect pests of sorghum. Shoot fly Atherigona soccata: Damage caused during the early seedling stage, larvae cut the growing points, causing dead-hearts; tillers do develop after the central shoot is killed but the yield from these tillers is rather poor; commoner in early–sown rabi or late-sown kharif crops; Adjust the sowing date, increase the seed-rate, East African Agriculture Journal, 20:45-48. Insects such as Stem borer, Shoot fly, and Sorghum midge are most famous in Jowar farming. The SS. The problem has become acute with the introduction of exotic dwarfs which are susceptible to shoot fly. As a result, the central shoot becomes pale yellow, thus finally causing a characteristic dead heart The pest attack is more severe in case of late sown jowar varieties in the Kharif season (July-August sowing). Alternative hosts include Maize, Finger millet, Bullrush millet, Rice, Wheat, among other grass species. In the view of the merge genetic information • Feeding on plants growing point may kill the central stem, causing (dead heart). Observations on the sorghum shoot fly. The main host is the Sorghum. Remove and burn weeds which act as hosts of shoot fly, such as grasses: Johnson grass, (Sorghum halepense), Brachiaria, Cynodon, Echinochloa, Eragrostis, Panicum, Pennisetum, Setaria Encourage natural enemies population (egg parasitoids and predators) by decreasing the amount of … Therefore, it is important to identify stable sources of resistance to develop cultivars with shoot fly resistance and adaptation to postrainy season. The shoot fly infestation varies from 69 to 97 per cent in spring crop (Chaudhary and Sharma, 1975), but overall grain loss is reported to be 20 per cent (Pathak et al ., 1971). This paper reviews the current state of information on diversity, ecobiology, parasitism levels, and mass rearing of the parasitoids, predators and pathogens attacking different stages of A. soccata . sorghum, shoot fly, SSR etc. I. ntroduction orghum bicolor (L.) Moench is one of the most important crops in the world because of its adaptation to a wide range of ecological conditions, suitability for low input cultivation and diverse uses [6]. Sorghum shoot fly, Atherigona soccata is one of the most important pests of dual-purpose sorghums during the postrainy season in India. The adult is similar to the housefly, smaller in size (3-5 mm long), and greyish in colour, and abdomen yellow with brown patches. sorghum shoot fly (Atherigona soccata Rondani) is one of the major pest of the sorghum crop in India. There it bores into the axis of the seedling and feeds on the central shoot. 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