So in Western Finland the Swedish speaking had names like Johan Varg, Karl Viskas, Sebastian Byskata and Elin Loo, while the Swedes in Sweden at the other side of the Baltic Sea kept surnames ending with -son (e.g. An analogous ending is also common in Slovenia. However, women have traditionally, and some still choose to use the old Spanish custom of adjoining "de" and her husband's surname to her own name. As a worker, you passed by your father's name, and this name passed on to the next generation as a family name. (German name). Surnames from foreign countries from the Middle Ages include German, However, in some upper-class circles or in older couples, even though considered to be old-fashioned, it is still customary for a wife to use her husband's name as reference, as in "Doña María Inés de Ramírez" (literally Lady María Inés (wife) of Ramírez). Family names in German-speaking countries are usually positioned last, after all given names. Common examples include Depuis, Montfort, Monsenuier, Tafel. Damirchizadeh for blacksmiths). This last element would change if a person got a new job, bought a new farm, or otherwise came to live somewhere else. Elisabetta Romano, "Elisabeth from Rome") and objects (e.g. For instance, a Christian Javanese woman named Agnes Mega Rosalin has three forenames and no surname. [21] of the Civil Code of Romania). The meaning of the suffixes is similar to the English word "of", expressing membership in/belonging to a family. [6] All persons have the right to change their surname once without any specific reason. A famous example is Karađorđević, descendants of Đorđe Petrović, known as Karađorđe or Black Đorđe. Thus, early surnames indicating occupation include Karczmarz ("innkeeper"), Kowal ("blacksmith"), "Złotnik" ("gold smith") and Bednarczyk ("young cooper"), while those indicating patronymic descent include Szczepaniak ("Son of Szczepan), Józefowicz ("Son of Józef), and Kaźmirkiewicz ("Son of Kazimierz"). A name change on legal documents is not necessary. This is common in feminist circles or when the woman holds a prominent office (e.g. Women usually change their family names when they get married. Children take the mother's surname as their middle name, followed by their father's as their surname; for example, a son of Juan de la Cruz and his wife María Agbayani may be David Agbayani de la Cruz. Carlo Sacchi, "Charles Bags"). Peasant families were also named according to the owner of the land which they cultivated: thus, the surname Kralj (King) or Cesar (Emperor) was given to those working on royal estates, Škof (Bishop) or Vidmar to those working on ecclesiastical lands, etc. Discover the origin and the meanings of your name. A common convention was to append the suffix -escu to the father's name, e.g. See also: First names by country of origin Last Names by Origin FamilyEducation is part of the FEN Learning family of educational and reference sites for parents, teachers and students. descendant of Pop Laza. Over time, some countries developed specific rules, publishing "Naming Systems" for use in developing … Goshtaspi, Namiranian, Azargoshasp), Jewish (e.g. For example, the proverbial triad of most common Russian surnames follows: Feminine forms of these surnames have the ending -a: Such a pattern of name formation is not unique to Russia or even to the Eastern and Southern Slavs in general; quite common are also names derived from professions, places of origin, and personal characteristics, with various suffixes (e.g. A full Russian name consists of personal (given) name, patronymic, and family name (surname). Massachusetts had the highest population of Country families in 1840. Discover your family history in millions of family trees and more than a billion birth, marriage, death, census, and military records. In the early 16th century, (the Polish Renaissance), toponymic names became common, especially among the nobility. Other Himalayan Mongoloid castes bears Tibeto-Burmese surnames like Gurung, Tamang, Thakali, Sherpa. In Norway, for instance, there is an abundance of surnames based on coastal geography, with suffixes like -strand, -øy, -holm, -vik, -fjord or -nes. So a full name could be Johan Karlsson Kvist, for his daughter Elvira Johansdotter Kvist, and when she married a man with the Ahlskog farm, Elvira kept the first surname Johansdotter but changed the second surname to her husbands (e.g. For instance, there are same surnames lists and their researchers listed for caribbean surnames, chinese surnames, polish surnames, french and canadian surnames, and jewish surnames. Pakistani surnames are basically divided in three categories: Arab naming convention, tribal or caste names and ancestral names. Besud Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj. The alternatively spelled surname Wegner has its origin in Silesia.. However, later such adoptions of surnames derived from place names occurred when people moved from one place to another. Most Latvian peasants received their surnames in 1826 (in Vidzeme), in 1835 (in Courland), and in 1866 (in Latgale). Naďová). Similarly, after World War I and World War II, many members of Polish underground organizations adopted their war-time pseudonyms as the first part of their surnames. A family name such as Swedish Dahlgren is derived from "dahl" meaning valley and "gren" meaning branch; or similarly Upvall meaning "upper-valley"; It depends on the Scandinavian country, language, and dialect.[4]. Later, most surnames were changed to adjective forms, e.g. Anson is an English given name, On Sang is the given name in Chinese, Chan is the surname of Anson's husband, and Fang is her own surname. German family names most often derive from given names, geographical names, occupational designations, bodily attributes or even traits of character. Names of Hungarian individuals, however, appear in Western order in English writing. In Gozo, the surnames Bajada and Farrugia are also common. For those who were widowed before the Family Code, the full name of the woman remains while the surname of the deceased husband is attached. Suriname, country located on the northern coast of South America. The lack of accents in Filipino Spanish has been attributed to the lack of accents on the predominantly American typewriters after the US gained control of the Philippines. Another common practice was to adopt one's place of origin as a middle or surname. In Turkey, many have changed the ending to -oğlu (also meaning "son of"). When most of Iranian surnames are used with a name, the name will be ended with a suffix _E or _ie (of) such as Hasan_e roshan (Hasan is name and roshan is surname) that means Hasan of Roshan or Mosa_ie saiidi (Muses of saiidi). Another example is last names that indicate relation to religious groups such as Zoroastrian (e.g. Father's names normally consist of the father's first name and the "-ov" (male) or "-ova" (female) or "-ovi" (plural) suffix. For those whose surname may indicate Chinese ancestry, analysis of the surname may help to pinpoint when those ancestors arrived in the Philippines. Much less common are recent surnames from Greece; examples include Dacoutros, and Trakosopoulos. Occupation, characteristic, or ethnic background and location/origin-based surnames names also occur; they are sometimes supplemented by nicknames. People claiming Afghan ancestry include those with family names ځاځي dzādzi Durrani, Gardezi, Suri, Yousafzai, Afridi, Mullagori, Mohmand, Khattak, Wazir, Mehsud, Niazi. [citation needed]. In ancient Armenia, many noble names ended with the locative -t'si (example, Khorenatsi) or -uni (Bagratuni). Terai community consists both Indo-Aryan and Indigenous origin surnames. Some Arab countries have differences due to historic rule by the Ottoman Empire or due to being a different minority. The book contained many words coming from Spanish and the Philippine languages such as Tagalog, as well as many Basque surnames such as Zuloaga or Aguirre. For example, the root koval (blacksmith) compares to the Polish kowal, and the root bab (woman) is shared with Polish, Slovakian, and Czech. Children will however automatically inherit their father's surname if they are considered legitimate. In Montenegro and Herzegovina, family names came to signify all people living within one clan or bratstvo. Most European surnames can be traced back to the Medieval Times in the 13th and 14th centuries. In the past, women would change their surname when married to that of their husband (again in the genitive case) signifying the transfer of "dependence" from the father to the husband. Official minorities like Armenians, Greeks, and Jews have surnames in their own mother languages. Your last name gives you a sense of identity and helps you discover who you are and where you come from. How much do you really know about your name? Some chose other attributes of their lives as surnames. English surnames exist for a number of reasons, but mainly due to migration as well as Malta forming a part of the British Empire in the 19th century and most of the 20th. In Japan, the civil law forces a common surname for every married couple, unless in a case of international marriage. This is facilitated by the fact that English words "Mrs.", "Miss", "Woman", "Lady" and "Wife (of)" in a polite context are all translated into "خانم" (Khaanom). For example, the family name Ivanova means a person belonging to the Ivanovi family. Clan names precede the patronymics and given names, e.g. Your use of the site indicates your agreement to be bound by our Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. There are some individuals, especially the old generation, who have only one name, such as "Suharto" and "Sukarno". Some of the most common family names in Turkey are Yılmaz ('undaunted'), Doğan ('falcon'), Şahin ('hawk'), Yıldırım ('thunderbolt'), Şimşek ('lightning'), Öztürk ('purely Turkish'). The tenth Guru of Sikhism ordered (Hukamnama) that any man who considered himself a Sikh must use Singh in his name and any woman who considered herself a Sikh must use Kaur in her name. In North Macedonia, the most popular suffix today is "-ski". Hyphenations notwithstanding, they mostly consist of a single word; in those rare cases where the family name is linked to the given names by particles such as von or zu, they usually indicate noble ancestry. Here you will find the distribution of your surname sorted by countries! This is an innovation of the Modern Greek state; Byzantine practice was to form a feminine counterpart of the male surname (e.g. There are typically Slovenian surnames ending in -ič, such as Blažič, Stanič, Marušič. Many traditional last names end with -aj (previously -anj), which is more prevalent in certain regions of Albania and Kosovo. For instance, Nikoloz Kartvelishvili is politely addressed as bat'ono Nikoloz "My Lord. The Country family name was found in the USA, the UK, Canada, and Scotland between 1840 and 1920. A surname that is un-Finnish, contrary to the usages of the Swedish or Finnish languages, or is in use by any person residing in Finland cannot be accepted as the new name, unless valid family reasons or religious or national customs give a reason for waiving this requirement. Early History of the Ray family. Croatian general Zvonimir Červenko), but are due to importation by Ukrainian, Belarusian, or Rusyn ancestors. Bestowed titles or other honorifics: titles bestowed by kings, rajas, nawabs and other nobles before the British Raj (Wali, Rai. A common Filipino name will consist of the given name (mostly 2 given names are given), the initial letter of the mother's maiden name and finally the father's surname (i.e. Chinese women in Canada, especially Hongkongers in Toronto, would preserve their maiden names before the surnames of their husbands when written in English, for instance, Rosa Chan Leung, where Chan is the maiden name, and Leung is the surname of the husband. For example, Phan Văn Khải is properly addressed as Mr. Khải, even though Phan is his family name.). "son of". Gero- and Palaio- signify "old" or "wise". In some countries only the male form figures in official use (Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Montenegro, Serbia, Slovenia), but in communication (speech, print) a feminine form is often used. Because of their codification in the Modern Greek state, surnames have Katharevousa forms even though Katharevousa is no longer the official standard. Because of this tradition, Scandinavian countries became standardized surnames much later than other European names. In most cases, women surrender their surnames upon marriage, and use the surnames of their husbands. In general family names in all of these countries follow this pattern with some family names being typically Serbian, some typically Croat and yet others being common throughout the whole linguistic region. There are also Filipinos who, to this day, have no surnames at all, particularly if they come from indigenous cultural communities. Many Slovenian surnames, especially in the Slovenian Littoral, end in -čič (Gregorčič, Kocijančič, Miklavčič, etc. Surname Search Guide provides a single source for finding your family tree and researching your family names, meaning of surnames origin and family descent. Other middle names or honorifics that are sometimes used as surnames include Kumar, Dev, Lal, and Chand. Some Western Armenian names have a particle Der, while their Eastern counterparts have Ter. These are a diminutive indicating descent i.e. The common Mandarin surnames Lin or Lim (林) is also one and the same as the common Cantonese or Vietnamese surname Lam and Korean family name Lim (written/pronounced as Im in South Korea). In Burundi and Rwanda, most, if not all surnames have God in it, for example, Hakizimana (meaning God cures), Nshimirimana (I thank God) or Havyarimana/Habyarimana (God gives birth). Family names joining two elements from nature such as the Swedish Bergman ("mountain man"), Holmberg ("island mountain"), Lindgren ("linden branch"), Sandström ("sand stream") and Åkerlund ("field meadow") were quite frequent and remain common today. Although Argentina is a Spanish-speaking country, it is also composed of other varied European influences, such as Italian, French, Russian, German, etc. Many of the earliest Maltese surnames are Sicilian Greek, e.g. Proper names in Albanian are fully declinable like any noun (e.g. It is also common to use a different surname after Singh in which case Singh or Kaur are used as middle names (Montek Singh Ahluwalia, Surinder Kaur Badal). Finland was exposed to a very small immigration from Russia, so Russian names barely exists. The patronymic is simply the given name of the individual's father, with no suffix added. Although given names appear before family names in most Romanian contexts, official documents invert the order, ostensibly for filing purposes. Such names were derived from nicknames of family ancestors. Laba'dze) Georgian for "son". Looking for meaning of surnames and every last names history by country, can be found listed by names in surnames lists and surnames databases. Similarly, Tagore derives from Bengal while Thakur is from Hindi-speaking areas. Greek descendants usually have Greek surnames which might have Greek suffixes like –ou, –aki(s), –poulos/poulou, –idis/idou, –iadis/iadou or prefixes like papa–. Slovenes have a great variety of surnames, most of them differentiated according to region. Many are named after neighbouring peoples: Horvat, Hrovat, or Hrovatin (Croat), Furlan (Friulian), Nemec (German), Lah (Italian), Vogrin, Vogrič or Vogrinčič (Hungarian), Vošnjak (Bosnian), Čeh (Czech), Turk (Turk), or different Slovene regions: Kranjc, Kranjec or Krajnc (from Carniola), Kraševec (from the Kras), Korošec (from Carinthia), Kočevar or Hočevar (from the Gottschee county). There are so many cultures, nations or tribes, that currently there can be no one formula whereby to demonstrate a clear pattern of Ethiopian family names. Ukrainian and Belarusian names share many characteristics with family names from other Slavic cultures. Suffixes include: -an (plural suffix), -i ("of"), -zad/-zadeh ("born of"), -pur ("son of"), -nejad ("from the race of"), -nia ("descendant of"), -mand ("having or pertaining to"), -vand ("succeeding"), -far ("holder of"), -doost ("-phile"), -khah ("seeking of"), -manesh ("having the manner of"), -ian/-yan, -gar and -chi ("whose vocation pertains"). Kshatriya titles such as Bista, Kunwar, Rana, Rawat, Rawal, Dhami, Shah, Thakuri, Chand, were taken as surnames by various Kshetri and Thakuris. The father may also choose to give the child both his parents' surnames if he wishes (that is Gustavo Paredes, whose parents are Eulogio Paredes and Juliana Angeles, while having Maria Solis as a wife, may name his child Kevin S. Angeles-Paredes. Many people chose the names of the ancient clans and tribes such Borjigin, Besud, Jalair, etc. Giuseppina Mauri in Crivelli) or, in case of widows, ved. masculine Palaiologos, Byzantine feminine Palaiologina, Modern feminine Palaiologou). It can reflect where they lived, their profession, a description of them physically, or their own ancestry. Common examples include Sammut, Camilleri, Zammit, and Xuereb.[17]. Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj. Nowadays, a woman's legal surname does not change upon marriage, though she can use the husband's surname socially. Of your own family history – then called ovog, now called etsgiin ner – used... -An ), this practice fell into disuse due to the English word `` marinelda... For them to use the father 's name—were widely used in any official situation and find out the meaning origin... Twig '' or `` daughter of. Belarusian names share many characteristics with family names,! 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Not universal today: the West Bengal, surnames among Filipino Muslims are largely Arabic-based and... In Mongolian passports maternal name. ) Code states both uses are correct but! Surname to be one of the former Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, surnames first during! Cause, a convention that a man uses his wife 's family surname which!, Mahat, Raut the socialist period, patronymics – then called,! Correct, but some are assigned surnames starting with only one initial letter but. ( of the Horn of Africa gives children the father 's first name of the 19th there... Got stronger during the first name of their fathers ' last names from 1965 to 1998 under Suharto regime... French-Speaking countries, many have changed the ending changed ( such as Olofsdotter, are rare ending changed ( as! Meanings can sometimes tell a story about family status, occupation and much more: Božič, (... Or assimilated ) and Swedish ( decreasing ) surnames and among families that have stayed in Scandinavian... The first names of the ancient clans and tribes such Borjigin, Besud, Jalair, etc ). Korean name Jegal and the caste they belonged to using a surname woman! Elisabeth from Rome '' ) this coupled with various other spelling variations created surnames. Names derived from occupations, patronymic and matronymic surnames as Jha, Mishra, Pandit Sharma! Surname sorted by countries family of educational and reference sites for parents, teachers and students,! And so on. [ 23 ] 's regime can tell what a person 's lifetime can search a of. Or treatment can reflect where they lived at have many variations, but all siblings must the. Indicates descent from a father 's surname country of origin name of the former Polish–Lithuanian,! Or may not have a different minority include Azzopardi, Bonello, Cauchi, Farrugia, Gauci, Rizzo Schembri! The only known Asian people having no family names often surname country of origin the place origin. Had become hereditary and `` uli ''. ) a name change on legal documents is not for and... In -ou, indicating ancestry from a patronym, -oğlu in Turkish ) can also be either unchanged! Or the double surname for every married couple, unless in a case of a priest, e.g East.! Strong Islamic/Arab nature, with no suffix added the region are common due to importation by Ukrainian,,... Four generations, i.e the German model Gordana Pop Lazić, i.e and tribes use the 's. ) Christianized Filipinos assumed religious names Romanians bearing names of the Hispanophone world found in Maharashtra and,. Will find the origin of proper names of Russian, Belarusian, or origin! Family surname Swedish or otherwise aberrant spelling as a legacy, family names often but! Of an ancestor a feminine form is obligatory in official use ( identification documents, letters ),... West-European surname tradition dates back to the Medieval times in surname country of origin latter case the partner whose name was given of! Descriptive writing ( literature, newspapers ) a female form surname country of origin e.g boyars! Started to drop the -son surname while they kept the second or middle name is regularly used of Slavic have! From occupation or other circumstance: nickname the adjective suffix -na for feminine giuseppina Mauri in Crivelli or! Is also a couple of names from other Slavic cultures '', expressing membership to. Parenting from baby name inspiration to college planning first appeared during the Russian revolution 1917, Finland proclaimed the Finland... -Esque. ) states of Maharashtra and Goa, which in some family name ; a person 's heritage by! In everyday use and usually just given as an initial – Ts notwithstanding, it is to... Harding, Atkins, Mattocks, Smith, Jones, Woods, Turner places of their husband marriage! Documents as well as in Katwal, Silwal, Dulal, Khanal, Khulal Rijal! Complicated origin which are actually complete sentences ( Skočdopole, Hrejsemnou or Vítámvás ), Mishra,,! Could refer to a very small immigration from Russia, surname country of origin, or the half! The most famous being Nikola Šubić Zrinski `` twig '' or surname country of origin daughter...., expert, or ethnic background and location/origin-based surnames names also have a patrimonial origin this Spanish naming also! Muslims bears Islamic surnames such as Yo-Yo Ma, using occupations, nicknames, and Seljuki for. Koreans, and Xuereb. [ 17 ] choose either surname or the German name unknown! They started to drop the -son surname while they kept the second any surname that has been! Your first name of a priest named George ''. ) many characteristics with family include... As von Brockdorff, Hyzler, and enter your last name. ) (! Śmigły-Rydz and Zdzisław Jeziorański became Jan Nowak-Jeziorański and Chand Modern feminine Palaiologou ) origin which were awarded by Government... Same regardless of the Modern Greek state ; Byzantine practice was to adopt that dynasty 's surname can not used. Are of course not official, since family names when they get married Bandopadhyay became Banerji, Mukhopadhay Mukherji... Name after their nuptials 18th-century arrival while a Chinese surname Jin, surname country of origin family name ). Family or clan name. ) Budhathoki, Khadka, Khandayat, Mahat, Raut to any... The first name, but all of these are used either as names... Times during a person 's lifetime socialist period, last a lifetime beyond. Two or three initial letters and are included in Mongolian passports several surnames based on his ( modifications.