Wildlife in South Africa is abundant, with almost 300 mammal species.. It is very important to conserve these animals and not hunt them. Some of these species of wildlife have been immortalized by cartoon films, but the real animals are far more beautiful and wonderful than what is seen in any of these movies. This is because if hunters kill all the endemic animals, there are none of them left in other parts of the world. The island of Madagascar is home to almost 25,000 species of wild animals with a good number being endangered species. What animal is only found in South Africa? Just like endemic plants, it is an animal that is found nowhere else in the world. Males have short, sharp horns on their foreheads. Republic of South Africa. Hummingbirds are also endemic to Americas, although to South, Central and North America. Endemic mammals include the Cape Elephant Shrew , Cape Mole-rat, Cape Grysbok, Bontebok, Cape Kudu, Springbok and the Cape Horseshoe Bat. Endemic animals are animals that can be found in a particular place. Marine mammals are a major draw-card to South Africa, thanks to its extensive shoreline. Families of plants unique to South Africa include Grubbiaceae, Bruniaceae, Lanariaceae, Roridulaceae, and Geissolomataceae. It is the only species in the genus Baikia. An endemic family of the non-vascular plant is the aquatic moss Wardiaceae. So they are endemic. Endemism is the state of a species being native to a single defined geographic location, such as an island, state, nation, country or other defined zone; organisms that are indigenous to a place are not endemic to it if they are also found elsewhere. Endemic to rocky outcroppings such as hillocks, cliffs and piles of large rocks or boulders, these African rodents are found in northwest South Africa, Namibia and parts of Angola. Madagascar endemic animal species. South America - South America - Animal life: South American animal life is particularly rich and well diversified as a result of the wide range of habitats. South Africa has a truly spectacular flora: only Australia has more endemic families or genera and South Africa has over 13,000 vascular plant species found nowhere else (SAJS WM pdf file). Madagascar is known for her unique fauna that cannot be found anywhere else in the world. Moreover, because of its isolation from the rest of the world during Paleogene and Neogene times (about 66 to 2.6 million years ago), the South American landmass is characterized by considerable biological originality. Corruption has made Nigeria the biggest smuggler of ivory and pangolin scales from central and West Africa to Asia, according to a report by the Environmental Investigation Agency. For example, the Cape sugarbird is exclusively found in southwestern South Africa. This cute little animal with large, pointed ears is a Cape Grysbok — a small antelope endemic to the Western Cape. They are very shy animals and stay hidden in the shade for most of the day. Families unique to South Africa include Grubbiaceae (), Bruniaceae (), Lanariaceae (), Roridulaceae (PlantZAfrica.com), and Geissolomataceae (Phylogeny of Angiosperms). Why does Africa have the biggest animals? Here are some endemic Animals to Nigeria. South Africa has over 13,000 vascular plant species that are found nowhere else. 1..... IBADAN MALIMBE (Malimbus Ibadanensis) ... WEST AFRICA WORM LIZARD (Baika Africana) The West African worm lizard (Baikia africana) is a species of worm lizards found in Nigeria. There are lots of animals that are only found in Africa. South and Central America Rainforest animals endemic to South and Central America are jaguars, ocelots and cougars; many species of monkeys and lizards; poison dart frogs and birds such as macaws and toucans. 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