What was the Philippines called before the Spanish came. Skilful sailors, potters and weavers, they built the first permanent settlements and prospered from around the A.D. 1st century until the 16th century, when the Spanish arrived. Etymologically, the name “Filipinas”, or “Philippines,” which means “islands of Felipe” refers to King Philip II of Spain. During 333 years of Spanish rule the Philippines failed to embrace the language in a similar manner to Latin America. The final, successful revolt began in 1896 and was marred by the executions of Filipino national hero Jose Rizal (by the Spanish) and Andres Bonifacio (by rival Emilio Aguinaldo). Chinese traders from what is now Fujian province began arriving in the Philippines in the 10th century. The Galleon Trade (Manila- Acapulco) Long before the Spaniards came into the Philippines, the Filipinos had been trading with different countries, by virtue of the doctrine of mercantilism, the Spanish authority closed trade relations with other countries and allowed only two countries, China and Mexico. The third wave is thought to have established the fiercely proud Muslim Malays.â [Source: Lonely Planet =], Over time, social and political organization developed and evolved in the widely scattered islands. Over the centuries, Indo-Malay migrants were joined by Chinese traders. Instead, the archipelago were comprised of hundred of territories occupied by different tribal groups who fought and traded with one another. "The name Philippines was derived from King Philip II of Spain in the 16th century. The early people are believed to have migrated from south China through Taiwan and into Luzon and then followed he Cagayan River Valley. Even these Negritos adopted Chinese-influenced languages. Only the permanent-field rice farmers of northern Luzon had any concept of territoriality. 2005). The ancestors of the hunter-gatherers lives on in New Guinea and the Solomon Islands and other Pacific islands. Before the coming of Spanish colonizers, the people of the Philippine archipelago had already attained a semicommunal and semislave social system in many parts and also a feudal system in certain parts, especially in Mindanao and Sulu, where such a … The barangay was the typical community… The wave migration theory holds that the Malays arrived in at least three ethnically diverse waves. Ptolemy got his knowledge from a sailor named Hippalus, the same man who discovered … Who is the longest reigning WWE Champion of all time? Spanish explorer Ruy López de Villalobos used the name Las Islas Filipinas (The Philippine Islands) in honour of the Prince of Spain during his expedition to the Philippines, … Where is the bonnet release in the Corsa 1.2 Easytronic 2003? *. Later southern Chinese culture spread eastward across the uninhabited islands of the Pacific, reaching Easter Island (10,000 miles from China) around A.D. 500. The Philippines was influenced by the Indian-based Majapahit and Srivjaya Kingdoms. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply. China used to be called Cathy and the Middle East was called the Levant so what was the Philippines called. When the Spanish arrived in 1565, the Philippines did not have a national identity. The Austronesian family of languagesâwhich are spoken as far west as Madagascar, as far south of New Zealand, as far east as Easter island and which all Philippine and Polynesian languages belongâ most likely originated in China. By 1500 Islam had gained a foothold in much of coastal Philippines and was established in the Sulu Archipelago and spread from there to Mindanao; it had reached the Manila area by 1565. It is also likely that many of the indigenous people died form diseases introduced by the people from China just as the original inhabitants of America were killed off by European diseases for which they had no resistance. The first wave provided the basis for the modern-day Bontoc and other tribes of North Luzon. The inscription records its date of creation in the year 822 of the Hindu Saka calendar, corresponding to 900 AD in the Gregorian system. The second laid the foundations for the most dominant of modern-day indigenous groups - the Bicolano, Bisayan and Tagalog. The Spanish language arrived in the Philippines in the mid-16th century. According to Jose Rizal (national hero), on Ptolemy's map, which was made before the second century A.D., the group of islands now known as the Philippines was called Tawalisi. The courses the Spanish had set before sailing were actually aimed towards finding the Middle East. In many cases the shipwrecks were embedded in coral reefs and required a considerably amount of work to extract. Within a few decades, Chinese traders were regular visitors to towns along the coasts of Luzon, Mindoro and Sulu, and by around AD 1100 travellers from India, Borneo, Sumatra, Java, Siam (Thailand) and Japan were also including the islands on their trade runs. They built trading bases in the Moluccas, or Spice Islands, to the south of the Philippines in present-day Indonesia to exploit supplies of cloves, pepper, cinnamon and nutmeg found there. Surprisingly, there is a virtual absence of the Formosan haplotypes in Micronesia and Polynesia. Recorded Philippine history began in the 13th century when 10 datus from Borneo, each with a hundred of his kinsmen, landed in what is now Panay Island in the Visayas. For hundreds years, Chinese, Japanese, Malays and even Hindus traded here. Diariong Tagalog was the first daily newspaper that lasted from 3-5 months. The Spanish at first viewed the Philippines as a stepping-stone to the riches of the East Indies (Spice Islands), but, even after the Portuguese and Dutch had foreclosed that possibility, the Spanish still maintained their presence in the archipelago. The basic unit of settlement was the barangay (a Malay word for boat that came to be used to denote a communal settlement). However, referred to as th "Muslim National Archipelago" by the western countries. have been found in Taiwan. Why you are interested in this job in Hawkins company? Based on links between ancient Chinese history, the early Thai language and archeological discoveries in Southeast Asia, the scholar Paul Benedict has argued that Southeast Asia was a âfocal pointâ for the cultural development of ancient man. Spain gave the natives – a mix of Malay, Chinese, Indian and small indigenous tribes – a colonial government to rule by the sword and what was essentially a state religion, Spanish Catholicism, which ruled by the cross. All Rights Reserved. (2005) showed the prevalence of several haplogroups (B4, B5a, F1a, F3b, E and M7) in the Formosan populations, which indicated that Taiwan was the common origin of the Austronesian populations. Anonymous. The Ifugao tribe that created them are believed to have arrived from China around 2000 years ago. Recently, Jin and colleagues examined 20 Y-SNPs and 7 Y-STRs in 1325 males from 29 Daic, 23 Polynesian and 11 Formosan populations, and showed that Taiwan is unlikely to be the homeland of Austronesian; and that Austronesian is not a genetically monophyletic group. 1 decade ago. Answer Save. It wasnât until the introduction of steamships in the 1800s that the power of the southern Muslim sultanate was brought under control by the Spanish. As people of Chinese origin moved across Asia they displaced and mixed with the local people, mostly hunter-gatherers whose tools and weapons were no match against of those the Chinese. The Philippines declared its independence from Spain on June 12, 1898. The Philippines takes its name from Philip II, who was king of Spain during the Spanish colonization of the islands in the 16th century. When the Spanish arrived in the sixteenth century, the majority of the estimated 500,000 people in the islands still lived in barangay settlements. 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