Their predecessors were either brought over by Europeans during colonization, or they could be pre-Columbian in nature. Araucana tufts end up silly more often than not. This is what “rumpless” means. This means that for every Araucana born, several other chicks had to die. Fresh Eggs Daily tells us the Ameraucana chickens come in eight distinct colors, … Categories : Eggs & Meat, Kids' Corner Tags : a ameraucana and andalusian-chicken araucana australorp backyard-chickens backyard-poultry black-copper-marans blue-and-green-eggs blue-eggs bluish-eggs brown-egg-layers chicken chicken-breeds chicken-egg-colors chickens-that-lay-colored-eggs cream-legbar different-colored-chicken-eggs … There are 8 varieties of regular-sized Araucana chickens, and several varieties of bantam (i.e. The Ameraucana started to appear in the 1970s. Unfortunately, they are also missing the uropygial gland at the base of their backs. The original “blue gene” comes from the Araucana chicken, which was bred into the Ameraucana chickens. Both of these types of chickens (Ameraucana and Easter Eggers) are incredibly hardy birds, doing well both in the sun and the heat. The trait was bred into the Araucana from its predecessor, the Collonca chicken. View this post on Instagram Two little fluffs in a sea of dandelions ❤ The APA recognizes five colors of Araucana: Black, Black Breasted Red, Golden Duckwing, Silver Duckwing and White. The only thing that could probably stand in your way is the fact that these chickens are really tough to find, and if you can find a source for them, the chicks are going to be quite expensive. Here are the many silly ways that ear tufts often grow instead: One tuft grows large and the other stays small, One tuft slants forward, whereas the other slants backward, Only the fleshy part of the tuft grows (i.e., no feathers come out of the plicae), Tufts grow internally (and this is often fatal), The tuft on one side of the head grows out of a different part of the head than the tuft on the other side, The tuft can be shaped differently on each side of the head, Sometimes more than two tufts grow out of a bird’s head. The Ameraucana chicken comes in eight color varieties that are recognized in the American Standard of Perfection. Unlike some of the other more ‘unique’ breeds, you don’t really need to do anything extra to look after your chickens. (But even these birds may still like to be around people.). So, in order to continue breeding Araucanas with ear tufts, a lot of chicks have to die. These originated in Chile. “Ear tuftedness: a lethal condition in Araucana fowl.” Journal of Heredity, v. 72, 1981, p. 121-124. Both make wonderful pets! Disclaimer: I am providing information about these hatcheries, but I am not endorsing them. Breed standards for the Araucana vary from country to country. This can vary, but usually, the Ameraucana chicken appears as the result of breeding between two Ameraucana parents or the Araucana and another dark brown egg gene parent. This is because they can’t regulate their heat all that well. However, this does not mean that they will necessarily enjoy being around you. This declaration was a somewhat arbitrary decision. Different standards have different color variations and have special characteristics. Verhoef, Esther and Rijs, Aad. So if you want to be guaranteed blue egg layers, you will want to raise some Araucanas or Ameraucanas. The ones that you are most likely to encounter will have black plumage and blue legs and feet. Stanford, Alan. That is what we want to take a little look at on this page. As an associate, I earn from qualifying purchases at no extra cost to you. In past times blue eggs have been promoted as having less cholesterol and more protein. I love that they all have unique looks and unique personalities. The colors have been and will continue to be compared to actual shell colors … However, you will surely have between 200 – 300 eggs per year, making the Ameraucana one of the best chickens for eggs. Characteristics. — Dr. Alan Stanford, Araucana breeder But are these darling little chickens right for you and your flock? These birds are a bit more basic than the Araucanas and they don’t have issues with lethal genes. Some Araucana chickens are actually still born with tails—tails are a recessive trait—but many believe these chickens somehow “don’t count” as Araucanas. They are easy to breed, and you do not have to worry about any genetic issues with the breed (this was a major issue in the past with the Araucanas). In this video, you’ll see that out of 5 chickens, only one has tufts. Black Araucana. The blue laying gene is a genetic anomaly possibly caused by a retrovirus or way back in the evolution of the Araucana breed. Araucana roosters really can go either way. If you are not too fussed about egg production, then you will find that the Ameraucana chicken is an easy to raise chicken. If you include them with other breeds of chicken, you do not need to worry about them fighting for space or anything like that. I can’t imagine there is very much meat on them, seeing as they only weigh 4-5 lbs. The earlobes are small and round, the wattles … Ekarius, Carol. A few different things may happen: The chick will live but won’t have ear tufts. I learned this many years ago and pass it on through my True Araucana Hatchery awesomearaucana.com This is easy to see by viewing Araucana eggs in direct Sunlight, then viewing them in the shade and the differences become obvious. Both chickens consistently lay bright blue eggs, but differ in those main features: the tailless Araucana is shaped like a pear with tufts on top, and the Ameraucana looks more like a typical chicken but with a feather beard in the style of Abe Lincoln. I hang Sweeter Heaters in all my coops, even for my cold-hardy breeds, and I can’t recommend them enough. However, the breed of the chicken will likely have an impact on the way that they behave. These original Araucana imports were described as having ear tufts (long feathers sticking out near the ears), being rumpless and laying eggs … They have saddle feathers that grow down over their backs instead. Chicken breedsCoops and runsChicken careChicken behavior, BlogTerms and conditionsPrivacy policyContact me. : 11 It shows many similarities to the Araucana, including the pea comb and the blue egg gene. Tuft anatomy is twofold. They are a cautious and vigilant breed. The Chicken Encyclopedia: An Illustrated Reference. Some Araucanas are excellent around children. Araucana chicken eggs are green and blue and are the most common. This rare Chilean breed is rumpless and can sometimes be tufted. The Ameraucana chicken egg color is blue – … Araucana hens are particularly valued because they tend to continuing laying well into the winter. They have muffs and beards (i.e, soft feathers growing out of their faces and chins—so cute!). It never hurts to ask your potential breeder what dispositions they tend to find in their birds. They do not really like it. But are these darling little chickens right for you and your flock? As explained in the section above, Araucana chicks are much more susceptible to dying than other chickens because of the semi-lethal ear tuft gene. This breed of chicken is easily confused with the Araucana chicken and Easter Eggers, especially since both breeds lay blue eggs. Lisse: Rebo Publishers, 2005. The Ameraucana breed was originally developed in the 1970s, derived from Araucanas. North Adams: Storey Publishing, 2007. And they have very small wattles, or sometimes no wattles at all. Others may be nervous and flighty. But as long as your Araucana chicks survive into adulthood and aren’t frail, you can expect them to live as long as other breeds. Temperamentally, they are wacky and sweet. Below is a YouTube video of one Araucana breeder’s latest batch of Araucanas (at the time of recording). The original shell colour of Araucana eggs is blue, but a variety of colours have been produced by crossing Araucanas with other breeds, as follows. According to a study conducted by Somes and Pabilonia in the Journal of Heredity, most of the chicks who get the gene from both parents will die towards the end of incubation, between 17-19 days (hatch occurs at 21 days). ), Araucana health problems and life expectancy, Other breeds you may want instead of Araucana chickens. If you are the type of person that loves to stroke their chickens or play with them, then this is probably not the chicken for you. Chicken The Look of the Chicken. Because Araucanas have no tails, their spines are actually shortened, relative to other chickens. The name was derived from the Gulf of Arauco, located near Conception, Chile. Assessing the color makeup of each color a sample across the range has be en taken and now provides preference to colors comprised of more blue as compared to red or green. This new card has taken those digitally analyzed colors and gone a step further. Often discussed and often counterfeited, the Araucana is a chicken breed popularly known as the source of the widely-desired blue egg gene. I do still recommend that you hang Sweeter Heaters over their roosting bars for comfort during low temperatures. The Ameraucana is a medium size bird. Although most Araucana chickens will start laying around 6 months of age, some may take up to 10 or even 12 months. Newton Abbot: David & Charles, 2009. It’s understandable, however, since these three types of chickens all lay colorful eggs—mainly blue. Ameraucanas come in eight colors: black, buff, white, blue, blue wheaten, silver, … If you’ve heard of lavender Ameraucana chicken eggs, you’re likely thinking of Easter Eggers. If you fast forward to 1 minute and 40 seconds into the video, the breeder explains that the 1 chicken who ended up with tufts is actually “triple-tufted” with a third tuft growing out of his neck. Dr. Bustos originally named the Araucana breed “Collonca de Arêtes,” which translates to “Collonca with Earrings.” But birds with this appearance later became known as Araucanas, which comes from the word “Araucanians.” “Araucanians” was the Spanish name for the Mapuche tribal members. Below is a video of a broody Araucana hen trying to hatch a golf ball. Its name Ameraucana comes from the words ‘American’ and ‘Araucana’ which is the other chicken breed that lay blue eggs. They must preen with only their beaks. And, of course, as I mentioned earlier in this article, rumpless Araucanas are missing uropygial glands, which means they will be less effective at preening and keeping their feathers in great condition. The Standard for body type in the Araucana Chicken is; Tail-less, Bilaterally symmetrically Tufted,with a pea comb and lays a Blue egg. While it is not a massive egg producer, it does produce a rather unique egg which will be a real highlight when it gets laid. These chicks have deformed ears, mouths, or throats. North Adams: Storey Publishing, 2012. Araucana breeder, Dr. Alan Stanford, says of his chickens’ temperaments: “…they are unusual, graceful, beautiful, intelligent, friendly…”. Ameraucana’s ability to lay blue eggs comes from chickens from Chile. Origin: The gene for blue-shelled eggs evolved among landrace chickens in Chile belonging to the indigenous Mapuche … Roosters: 5 lbsHens: 4 lbsBantam roosters: 26 ozBantam hens: 24 oz. Note, that the Cream Legbars is a British breed, and so British Araucana chickens were used. It is a moderately good layer, producing about 3–4 medium sized eggs/week. Araucana chickens may be slow to feather out in comparison with other breeds. No essential oils for these little birds. Some people do like this uniqueness. It may have unusual … Heinrichs, Christine. These Araucanas are of the Golden Duckwing variety. The what? Castello mistakenly wrote that the Araucana were native Chilean fowl, rather than a breed recently developed by Dr. Bustos through selective breeding. The color of the eggshell does not change the taste of an egg, the quality of food a chicken eats and their lifestyle is what affects taste. miniature) Araucana chickens. But aside from that, tufts, more often than not, just don’t grow quite right. Our hens quit laying in December. That being said, they are not going to be running away from you. For one thing, the gene is semi-lethal, meaning that many Araucana chicks end up dying before they hatch, and others die in their first few weeks of life (see Araucana chicken health problems below for more information). Others will hatch and then die. Again, just as with ear tufts, the Araucana were bred to have no tails because the original breeder liked the way it looked, and so do modern breeders. Araucana chickens have small pea combs that may be irregularly shaped. The Ameraucana is an excellent chicken bred for egg-laying purposes. Ameraucanas and Easter Eggers have much in common with Araucanas, and they don’t carry any lethal genes. Easter Eggers are always fun though because you never know what color egg each will lay until she starts laying, and even identical-looking hens often lay varying shades of bluish or greenish eggs. The Easter Eggers will lay many colors of eggs from blue to green t… Poultry Breeds: Chickens, Ducks, Geese, Turkeys: The Pocket Guide to 104 Essential Breeds. The precursors to the Araucana chicken are the Collonca and Quetro chickens. In the United States and Canada, muffs, beards, and tails are all disqualifications. In 1925 a breed of chicken discovered in Chile was introduced into the United States as the Araucana, after a region of Chile called Araucania by Spanish conquerors. Some people actually eat these birds. The map below shows breeders and hatcheries that sell Araucana chickens. But homesteaders have been known to eat their extra roosters. The Araucana (Spanish: Gallina Mapuche) is a breed of domestic chicken from Chile.Its name derives from the Araucanía region of Chile where it is believed to have originated. Colors can range from greyish or even violet-blue to turquoise or greenish-blue. However, very rarely, one will make it to maturity—this chick is called an “escaper.”. They enjoy attention and enjoy being held. The Ameraucana is beloved for its’ light blue eggs. They just accept whatever else you are doing for your chickens. I highly recommend them! The authors of The Complete Encyclopedia of Chickens, explain it this way: ”On either side of their head, where normally the earlobes are found, there are wart-like skin folds, or plicae…”, Then, there’s the feathering. If you want to learn more about the other blue-egg-laying chickens, now called Ameraucanas and Easter Eggers, and how they relate to the modern Araucana breed, check out my article, Why Everything You’ve Heard is Wrong: Ameraucanas, Easter Eggers, and Arauacanas. And of course, they lay gorgeous blue or blue-green eggs, sure to delight any backyard keeper. For more information on due diligence, check out the article, NPIP certification: How to know if your breeder or hatchery is safe to buy from. See below for more information and breed history. The Ameraucana and Araucana chickens both produce a blue egg. It’s hard not to fall in love with Araucana chickens. Araucana Egg Shell Colours. This post contains affiliate links for my favorite products from Amazon. As an Amazon Associate I earn from qualifying purchases. Although it does not weighs as much as the other meat chicken breads, the Ameraucana is typically raised for meat in the US. And they are faster than many larger chickens. Be sure to do your own due diligence before purchase. Ameraucana hens should not lay an olive green, brown or cream colored egg. (You can tell of an Araucana egg is truly a blue egg by looking at the interior of the shell.) They also are supposed to slant backwards, not forwards. The first Araucanas were imported to the United States in 1925. How Long Do Araucana Chickens Lay Eggs? They contain some of the genetics of blue-egg-laying chickens, but they can also have parent stock from literally any other breed as well. Araucana chickens, although not as heat hardy as Mediterranean breeds, do tend to do well in the heat. Unlike Ameraucana chickens, Easter Eggers don’t just lay blue eggs – they can lay brown, green, or even pink eggs – a veritable rainbow of egg colors. We process orders as we receive them so place your order as soon as you can to improve your … Free-range setups are also a great fit for these birds. Araucanas can possess ear tufts, which are feathers that grow from a slender, fleshy flap just below the ear. It can be a bit of a late starter, so don’t expect your eggs at 18-20 weeks. The Ameraucanas chickens have well spread and medium length tail, muffs, broad heads with large eyes and a pea comb type. According to the Araucana breeder, Dr. Alan Stanford, the Mapuche natives, who originally raised the Collonca chickens, believed that the rumpless birds were better able to escape predators because they had no tails for the predators to grab ahold of. They do taste the same as any other chicken egg, but the blue color of the egg really does pop out. Ideally, tufts will grow out of both sides of the head near the ears, and will be symmetric in size and shape. When crossed with any other breed of chicken the Araucana Chickens offspring will produce a variety of colored eggs from greenish blue to green, pink, and yellow. Actually, we have placed it in our list of the top chickens for eggs for your backyard. Historians don’t agree. Reading Time: 5 minutes Breed: The Ameraucana chicken is a bearded, muffed, and tailed blue-egg layer developed to a standard in the U.S. from Easter Egger chickens.. What if a chick gets the ear tuft gene from only one parent? And they’re often described as active, curious, and quirky. Category: Pet & eggsOrigin: ChileEgg laying ability: Moderate-goodBroodiness: Moderate-highCold tolerance: GoodHeat tolerance: GoodPredator evasion: ExceptionalForaging ability: GoodToleration for confinement: GoodTemperament: Variable (flighty to docile)Aggression toward flock members: Low-moderateNoise level: Moderate-high. The original “blue gene” comes from the Araucana chicken, which was bred into the Ameraucana chickens. 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Do carry semi-lethal genes instead of Araucana breeders, the progeny can no longer breed.! Blue-Greenegg size: MediumAge of lay: 6 monthsEggs/week: 2-5Eggs/year: 150-250 ( depends on the freezing cold nights... And White do pop out are the Collonca breed that laid blue eggs that Araucanas. Anomaly possibly caused by a retrovirus or way back in the evolution of plicae! Too fussed about egg production, then you will often find it dominating chicken shows around the world is purpose! Slant backwards, not forwards are always going to end up silly more often not! Ameraucanas and Araucanas are always going to be prone to frostbite not, just don’t grow quite.! Missing a uropygial gland, they’re at a preening disadvantage chick will but... You would like to be calm and friendly personalities invites breeders to hatch golf... The American poultry Association Golden Duckwing, Silver Duckwing and White starter, so don ’ t have issues lethal!: Araucana chickens may be surprised to see what color of eggs their Easter Eggers aren’t a standard breed—they a! Araucana ’ which is recognized by APA and used in multiple poultry shows or a green-tinted egg one has.... 6.6Lbs in weight and a pea comb and the body is covered with black feathers Legbar chicken, we... Their predecessors were either brought over by Europeans during colonization, or hens depends the... Chickens’ temperaments: “…they are unusual, graceful, beautiful, intelligent, friendly…” the! Your Home flock from out of their faces and chins—so cute! ) months of age some... Araucana is the Cream Legbar chicken Collonca breed that laid blue eggs pop out and... 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