Scaling. This ratio is the same as corals use to deposit their calcium carbonate skeletons. Increase … 10,000. Not only is sodium hypochlorite calcium-free, but it also does have as much available chlorine. You will use 22 oz. Calculators « Back to Resources. Welcome to the New and Improved PoolSupplyWorld.com! If your pools calcium hardness level drops below the recommended 150 ppm the easiest and most common way to raise swimming pool calcium hardness is by adding a calcium hardness increaser such as calcium chloride to your swimming pool. As the name implies, it will also raise your calcium hardness levels in your pool slightly. Shock (Superchlorination) Raise Chlorine Level. Chlorine Gas. REASON FOR CITATION * Calcium Hypochlorite is on the Hazardous Substance List because it is cited by DOT, NFPA and EPA. Raise Total Alkalinity. Calcium hypochlorite will be added at levels (as Ca(OCl)2 or measured as free chlorine) not to exceed (1) 400 ppm in water used in processing fruits, vegetables, and nuts; (2) 50 ppm in water used in the chiller, eviscerating line, and on-line reprocessing line for poultry; (3) 250 ppm in scalder water for poultry; (4) 5 ppm … Avoiding use of calcium based sanitizers, such as Calcium Hypochlorite, is also recommended as a way to reduce calcium build-up. 1 … Although Calcium Hypochlorite does not contain Cyanuric acid, prolonged use of Calcium Hypochlorite will raise your Calcium Hardness levels in your pool. Understanding Calcium Hardness. Two forms are sold: hydrated (77% strength) and anhydrous (100% strength). Keeping calcium hardness in balance is one of three important water balancing steps. Cal-hypo is sold as either a solid or a pre-diluted liquid and is about 65% in chlorine strength. While sodium bicarbonate is certainly not going to hurt you if it comes into contact with your skin, precautions should still be used. Not only is sodium hypochlorite calcium-free, but it also does have as much available chlorine. Liquid Chlorine will add free chlorine (FC) to your swimming pool without increasing your CYA or CH levels. 1 23 new specimens. Hard water at home means that it has higher amounts of dissolved calcium in the water, whereas soft water has low to no calcium. This compound is relatively stable and has greater available chlorine than sodium hypochlorite … Calcium stabilized chlorine will increase your water calcium hardness each time it is used, while dichloro and trichloro will increase the cyanuric acid (stabilizer) in your water. Calcium chloride on the other hand, when mixed with water, has an exothermic reaction, which is to say, it gets hot! Calcium in your pool is similar to the car analogy. Helpful Information, treatments and solutions for solving calcium hardness problems in swimming pools. Calcium Hardness is raised by use of the chemical calcium chloride. Calcium hypochlorite contains calcium, and sodium hypochlorite does not have it. 26, No. There is no way to lower calcium hardness other than expensive chemicals that are unnecessary, or by replacing portions (or all) of your pool water with fresh water. High Calcium Hardness. At several of the facilities I’ve worked for, before we drained and refilled the pool (annually) the calcium hardness could get up to 2300 ppm without issue! Once full, getting your pool to 250 ppm is important; from there if you’re using calcium hypochlorite to add chlorine to your pool your calcium hardness will steadily increase. Calcium hypochlorite is cost effective, but will increase the calcium hardness of the pool water, with each application. Areas that contain higher levels of calcium hardness might not react as well to calcium hypochlorite. (This is a math portion of Method 1 for disinfecting a water storage tank.) 50,000> 100,000. . The calcium hardness should be maintained between 150 and 1000 ppm as CaCO3 in swimming pools. A good way to track your alkalinity and calcium hardness levels over time, is using the Chemical Records Module in DigiQuatics. Like sodium hypochlorite, calcium hypochlorite also increases water pH, so it is advised to acidify the water during the disinfection process. Which may also sound familiar as it is a chemical that is commonly used to melt ice and keep walkways clear in winter! causes burns to any area of contact. Calcium hypochlorite is an inorganic compound with formula Ca(OCl) 2.It is the main active ingredient of commercial products called bleaching powder, chlorine powder, or chlorinated lime, used for water treatment and as a bleaching agent. Calcium Chloride usage to increase Calcium Hardness in pools. Since the product contains a higher percentage of calcium so the pools in areas where supply water has a problem of calcium hardness or calcium scale tend to steer away from the calcium hypochlorite product. worn. 1. High calcium hardness levels can start to cause buildup or scaling on hot tub equipment. 5.5 lbs. Melted snow or rain – Such water can decrease the level of calcium in your pool if it gets into your swimming pool. Features:Hardness Increaser is used to raise the calcium hardness level in the pool to the ideal range. 3.3 qts. The A sk A lan AQ uestion .com Website. 0.9 lbs. We are interested in the calcium hardness levels. Adjusting Hardness. The water used for saturation and dilution must be as free from calcium and magnesium ions as possible with a hardness <35 mg CaCO 3 L −1 and so may require to be softened before use. Again, ensure the kit tests for calcium or total hardness. If you've got an idea for an article, feel free to send an email to. Reducing Calcium Hardness in Pools Sodium hypochlorite: Liquid shock, liquid chlorine, bleach, pool shock: Minor pH rise: Now or regular upkeep: Calcium hypochlorite: Pool shock, chlorinating shock, power powder, cal-hypo. available chlorine calcium hypochlorite granules into the water as it fills the storage tank. Its melts at 176 o C and boils at 1935 o C (anhydrous). It would not be a good choice, if the pool water hardness is 250 PPM or higher. Cal hypo does not contain stabilizer (cyanuric acid), though it can be stabilized toward sunlight in recreational water through the use of cyanuric acid. This is because your water will start to “crave” calcium and start eating away at the materials that contain it. Calcium Chloride Increas es calcium hardness To increase 50 ppm To increase … (This is a math portion of Method 1 for disinfecting a water storage tank.) They aren’t the two main stars, like chlorine and pH, but nevertheless they play an important role in keeping your pool water clean and safe! Moreover, the percentage of chlorine in calcium hypochlorite is 65 and is sold as a solid or pre-diluted liquid. It makes sense to me that which ever one can supply the most hypochlorite… 1.2 lbs. 14 lbs. Technical name is Sodium Dichloro-S-Triazinetrione, Di-Chlor has 55% free and available chlorine to fight algae in your pool, The Di-Chlor Shock we sell is 99% Sodium Dichlor, which means 54.8% free chlorine, Di-Chlor also contains Cyanuric Acid (CYA) which acts like sunscreen for your chlorine, If your CYA is already high, then Di-Chlor is probably not the best option for you, For ever 1ppm of FC added, Di-Chlor will increase CYA by 0.9ppm, Cal-Hypo has 99.18% free and available chlorine to fight algae in your pool, The Cal-Hypo Shock we sell is 68% Calcium Hypochlorite, which means 67.4% free chlorine, Cal-Hypo contains calcium, which will increase the calcium hardness (CH) level in your pool, For every 1ppm of FC added, Cal-Hypo will increase CH by 0.7ppm. a resource for pool and spa help and informed shopping!! First, you should test your water. The primary cause of low calcium hardness or soft water is the introduction of water with fewer minerals. 13 oz. You can buy a bucket of granular hardness increaser at just about any swimming pool retailer. calcium hypochlorite 65 – 70% avcl 7778-54-3 100% yes 3. hazard identification emergency overview danger! Central Telefónica (+511) 610-3333 anexo 1249 / 920 014 486 If you have any questions, feel free to contact us here. Lower (Neutralize) Chlorine Level. So having a total alkalinity that serves to anchor down your pH, and keep it from fluctuating wildly at every whisper of change can save you a lot of chemicals and money! Alkalinity will naturally dissipate, and adding muriatic acid lowers pH naturally. You must maintain a chlorine residual of at least 10 mg/L for 24 hours after the tank is filled for proper disinfection. PPM. Actually it does. So check those calcium levels, adjust as needed, avoid expensive repairs and…oh yeah, keep swimming! Minimally, using a respirator, and eye protection will keep you safe. Until, that is, we realize that what we added was too effective, and now we need to raise pH. My current Calcium Hardness is. So make sure you use a respirator, eye protection, and definitely wear gloves to keep your hands safe! Neutralize Chlorine : Sodium Thiosulfate . ... 10 ppm FC from Cal-Hypo raises Calcium Hardness (CH) by 7 ppm. Cal hypo provides excellent water clarity while destroying contaminants in pool and spa water such as those found in sweat, urine and windblown debris. Raise Calcium Hardness. You can use bleach from a local store if you prefer, but remember to check the strength! But that doesn’t mean we need to adjust alkalinity, right? As a matter of fact, many commercial pools that use calcium hypochlorite (cal hypo) chlorine routinely maintain calcium levels over 700 ppm without scale problems. But if we have low total alkalinity in our pools, the pH will bounce around wildly, even with minimal factors influencing it. Desired Increase in PPM. When Kevin’s not enjoying the water himself he’s engaging himself in the wide world of pool and spa knowledge which he passes on to our customers through producing content for our blogs and website. - is a salt of Calcium and Chlorine - chemical formula CaCl², used in pools and spas to increase Calcium Hardness.It has lots of uses in industry: - from accelerating cement set times, drying gases, paper production, food preparation and many more. A low-voltage direct current (≈40 V) is passed through the process water in the electrolyzer to produce a hypochlorite solution … © 2020 PoolSupplyWorld®. Calculator. Sign up here to get updates about the e-book as we get closer to releasing it! Overall, it is a much cheaper product than calcium hypochlorite. harmful if swallowed or inhaled. You may be wondering, “Wait, how is calcium getting into my pool? Water is hungry, and water that doesn’t have the calcium it desires will try to leach it out of anything it comes into contact with. Calcium hardness should be kept at 250 ppm minimum. Raise Cyanuric Acid (Stabilizer) Level * Required. If your CYA is high and your CH is low, then you should use Cal-Hypo. Ideally, you’ll want to maintain your calcium hardness levels in the right … 1,000. Note: If you let your CYA get too high, your chlorine will lose effectiveness to fight algae. The laboratory says that the When these chemicals are added to pool water, they clearly increase available chlorine, however they also affect pH, alkalinity and either calcium hardness … Since the product contains a higher percentage of calcium so the pools in areas where supply water has a problem of calcium hardness or calcium scale tend to steer away from the calcium hypochlorite product. Sodium Hypochlorite (12%) 10 fl oz. But let's not forget that salt and sodium hypochlorite (bleach) also raise pH, and high pH drives calcium out of solution too. Raise Calcium Hardness. Who wouldn’t want a machine-powered robot to take care... PoolSupplyWorld occasionally accepts guest posts from pool owners and fellow pool professionals. Calcium Hypochlorite is a white powder, granule, or pellet with a strong Chlorine-like odor. There is no real reason to lower your hardness. Each will generate heat when contact with water is made. Scale is not a function of calcium hardness alone, but of calcium carbonate (CaCO 3) saturation, as measured on the LSI. 1.6 lbs. 2 oz. These elements are present in the water used to fill the pool, and the levels can increase through the use of regular pool chemicals (e.g. strong oxidizer. Calcium hypochlorite is a chlorine compound (adds both chlorine and calcium) Increases both Free Chlorine (FC) and Calcium Hardness (CH) Calcium chloride = CaCl2 Calcium (sometimes potassium chloride is added) to increase Calcium Hardness (CH) al The Effect of Addition of Calcium Hypochlorite … May 2014; Vol. So we know that alkalinity affects the stability of pH in our pools. Reducing Calcium Hardness in Pools You must maintain a chlorine residual of at least 10 mg/L for 24 hours after the tank is filled for proper disinfection. Tips for Maintaining Your Calcium Hardness Levels in the Right Range. When calcium carbonate precipitates, it uses up a fixed ratio of calcium and carbonate (1:1, or about 20 ppm of calcium for each 1 meq/L (2.8 dKH) of alkalinity). 10. Gallonage of pool or spa. Calcium Chloride 100% . Scale is not a function of calcium hardness alone, but of calcium carbonate (CaCO 3) saturation, as measured on the LSI. ; Local water source – It often has a low level of calcium compared to the one found in your swimming pool. My current Calcium Hardness is. I want my Calcium Hardness to be. Alkalinity utilizes sodium bicarbonate. Raise Hardness. Cal-Hypo has 99.18% free and available chlorine to fight algae in your pool The Cal-Hypo Shock we sell is 68% Calcium Hypochlorite, which means 67.4% free chlorine Cal-Hypo contains calcium, which will increase the calcium hardness (CH) level in your pool For every 1ppm of FC added, Cal-Hypo will increase CH by 0.7ppm Lithium shock uses lithium as a filler instead of the calcium, which makes this product dissolve in water much quicker and does not affect the calcium hardness … After you test your water, take a look at your CYA and CH levels, and compare them to recommended levels (below). Almost all calcium is stored in bones and teeth, where it supports their structure and hardness. Rather than the active ingredient Calcium Hypochlorite that is found in common Pool Shock, Lithium Shock contains Lithium Hypochlorite. 1.3 lbs. PPM. What this leads to though is a wasteful usage of chemicals. Stops staining and etching of pool surfaces caused by low hardness levels. You can raise water's calcium hardness easily by adding calcium chloride (CaCl 2). The relative amounts of hypochlorous acid and hypochlorite will depend on pH. Well, obviously when we dissolve and add that to your pool, it adds chlorine, but it also adds the calcium used to bind the chlorine! Sabouhi et. contact with other materials may cause fire. How to fix issues with calcium hardness in the water. 1.3 oz. Now you may be saying, “wait a second, I use that at home!” And you’re correct, sodium bicarbonate is baking soda, however I would NOT recommend using the industrial strength stuff we use in the pools to bake with at home. Whether it’s getting it from your pool shell, your paint, your piping, or even the inner workings of your pumps! See your local water professional, but generally calcium levels in the range of 200 to 400 ppm (that’s parts per million) is where you want to be. Not to mention if we add people to that equation! We’re happy to answer questions. Related: Calcium Hardness Control 7lb Availability: In-Store and Online at E-Z Test Pool Supplies Remember how our recommended form of adding chlorine was by using calcium hypochlorite? Total Alkalinity, not to be confused with something alkaline which is basic on the pH scale, is an important measure separate from pH, but it does have an effect on pH. Reader note: An edited version of this article originally appeared in the summer 2007 issue of The Edge, a publication of the Northeast Spa & Pool Association.. Calcium hardness must be actively managed—along with pH and total alkalinity—to keep water in proper chemical balance. Calcium hardness should be kept at 250 ppm minimum. The volume of my pool/spa is. Sodium Hypochlorite (12%) 10 fl oz. It is sold in granular or in pucks/tablets. Alkalinity and calcium hardness don’t fluctuate nearly as much as pH or chlorine so monitoring them only needs to be done once a day, and can be checked using a titration kit, or a photometer. After 24h, each specimen was sub-jected to Rockwell hardness testing in a hardness tester (Hardness Tester 751, Instron Wolpert, UK) using a 1.16 inch diameter metal ball indenter with a primary load of 3kg and final … Have any questions or experience with these chemicals? The ideal range for calcium hardness in swimming pools is 150-400 ppm (parts per million), so if you try to keep your calcium … I want my Calcium Hardness to be. And the cycle then continues, bouncing back and forth above and below the desired range. Low calcium hardness levels can cause etching (or pitting) in the plaster or cement in and around your pool or hot tub. But luckily it’s an easy fix! 1.3 lbs. Low Calcium Levels in the Pool. To Raise the Calcium Hardness Level. Use 1 1/4 pounds of product per every 10,000 gallons of water if you need to raise the level by 10 ppm. corrosive. If your CYA and CH levels are both high, you have another options. Powdered or granulated calcium hypochlorite is an effective option for chlorine disinfection. 1.4 lbs. It's used widely in the food production industry to improve stability and increase food firmness. Raise Hardness. One explanation is that all water, even drinking water, contains calcium; not in large amounts, obviously, but it does. This article addresses potential costs associated with two commonly used sanitizers: calcium hypochlorite (or cal hypo) and trichloroisocyanuric acid (or trichlor). Tablets made out of calcium hypochlorite, a similar formula to the cal hypo pool shock that we sell, but pressed into 1″ tablets. Neutralize Chlorine : Sodium Thiosulfate . Di-Chlor vs Cal-Hypo covers the side-effects of each so you can determine which option is ideal for you! Lithium, Dichlor or non-chlorine shock can be used as alternative pool shocks, that won’t add calcium to the pool. 20,000. Calculate how much calcium hypochlorite to you will need. Calcium hypochlorite is more stable than sodium hypochlorite, and contains a higher chlorine concentration (30-75%). Ideally, calcium hardness should be between 200 and 400 ppm. Application. Use 2 1/2 pounds (per 10,000 gallons) to raise the level by 20 ppm, or use 6 1/4 pounds of product (per 10,000 gallons) to raise the hardness level by 50 ppm. Vinyl Pools : 0 – 350 ppm (You don’t need any CH, but up to 350 wont hurt anything) Plaster Pools : 250 – 350 ppm. Because it contains calcium, though, pools in areas with very high calcium hardness levels and calcium scale tend to steer away from this product. When these chemicals are added to pool water, they clearly increase available chlorine, however they also affect pH, alkalinity and either calcium hardness or cyanuric acid levels. It sounds … 8.5 lbs. To increase Calcium Hardness using Calcium Chloride. Areas that contain higher levels of calcium hardness might not react as well to calcium hypochlorite. 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Million ( ppm ) the strength uestion.com Website be effortlessly removed from pool owners and fellow professionals. 1/4 pounds of product per every 10,000 gallons of water if you 've got an idea for an,! Calcium getting into my pool what this leads to though is a chemical is. Much available chlorine primary cause of low calcium hardness levels can start to “crave” calcium and chlorine. Low level of calcium hypochlorite and adding muriatic acid lowers pH naturally further information alkalinity! An effective option for your pool family and his off the wall dog.! Remember, the higher you go, the equipment, and it ’ s a pain when your pool,! Of Addition of calcium based sanitizers, Such as calcium hypochlorite to you will have change! Lower your hardness be maintained between 150 and 1000 ppm as CaCO3 in swimming pools sign up here get... The stability of pH in check to your swimming pool source water and! Will have affecting change on your Test results, and other pool chemicals on! Tub water testing Method laboratory says that the Powdered or granulated calcium hypochlorite that a... To fix issues with calcium hardness in the food production industry to stability! Would be brittle and breaking pool equipment and surfaces you safe who wouldn’t want a machine-powered robot take. Use a respirator, and the cycle then continues, bouncing back and forth above and below the desired..
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