Relative Clause. Relative Clauses are a structure used in English to combine two sentences with a connection between them. Note: According to Roland et al. A relative clause is also known as an adjective clause. The boy (who/whom) we met yesterday is very nice. Anaphoric Elements in Relative Clauses "Relative clauses are so called because they are related by their form to an antecedent.They contain within their structure an anaphoric element whose interpretation is determined by the antecedent. What is a relative clause? I met Rebecca in town yesterday, which was a nice surprise. Relative clauses are non-essential parts of a sentence. Defining relative clauses are often used in definitions. It comes after the noun defined by a basic sentence. This anaphoric element may be overt or covert. We also use relative clauses to give more information about a person, thing or situation:. It is also called adjective clause because it defines a noun. To avoid writing a fragment, you must connect each relative clause to a main clause. Relative Clauses – WHOSE, WHERE, WHEN, Definition and Example Sentences A relative clause is a sentence describing a noun, however, it cannot be used separately. There are two broad types of relative clauses in English. The relative clause acts as the dependent part of a complex sentence. With this kind of relative clause, we use commas (,) to separate it from the rest of the sentence. 2. → I have a new car which is very fast. It is important to distinguish between them because it affects the choice of pronoun used to introduce the clause. A seaman is someone who works on a ship. Therefore, I would like to ask if defining clauses such as the second example above belong to the category of relative clauses or not. There are two types of relative clauses, defining and non-defining relative clauses. Notice that the relative clause follows the word that it describes. This is a clause that generally modifies a noun or a noun phrase and is often introduced by a relative pronoun (which, that, who, whom, whose).A relative clause connects ideas by using pronouns that relate to something previously mentioned and allows the writer to combine two independent clauses into one sentence. There is a good film on the television tonight. In defining relative clauses, the clause is used to define or qualify the independent clause. We had fish and chips, which I always enjoy. In the overt case the relative clause is marked by the presence of one of the relative words who, whom, … They may add meaning, but if they are removed, the sentence will still function grammatically. Defining relative clauses . Object pronouns in defining relative clauses can be dropped. Relative Clauses in English 1. They can be used to create complex sentences as they are a type of subordinate clause.. I have a new car. Relative Clauses. (2007) reduced passive relative clauses are relative clauses written in passive voice and where the relativizer + form of 'be' is left out (e.g. (Sentences with a relative clause without the relative pronoun are called Contact Clauses.) A relative clause functions as the subordinate clause of a complex sentence. Relative clauses - English Grammar Today - a reference to written and spoken English grammar and usage - Cambridge Dictionary It is a very fast car. Relative clauses can be used to join two sentences together, or to identify people and things and give more information about them. A relative clause can be used to give additional information about a noun (naming word). Although it may seem a little scary and difficult for people who learn English, it is actually easy and fun. Read the examples below. Lord Thompson, who is 76, has just retired. A relative clause does not express a complete thought, so it cannot stand alone as a sentence. Avoid creating a sentence fragment. 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